Epulis in Dogs: Reason For Surgery On Your Dog

Epulis In Dogs

Epulis in Dogs: Reason For Surgery On Your Dog


Epulis is a disorder that manifests itself in a dog’s gum tissue when a growth that is not cancerous develops there. The issue typically manifests itself in the vicinity of a tooth.

There are several distinct varieties of illnesses to be found. They are medically referred to as ossifying, fibromatous, and acanthomatous.

The illness is characterized by a variety of symptoms that impair a dog’s ability to utilize its mouth normally. Dogs may, in certain instances, have bleeding, difficulties eating, and loss of teeth.

The specific factors that led to the illness are not currently known. Regrettably, certain dog breeds, such as Boxers, American Bulldogs, and Shetland Sheepdogs, are more predisposed to developing it than others.

If you suspect your dog has epulis, you should take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible so that he can receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

The following provides information regarding the symptoms, causes, and therapies available for the ailment in question.

What Exactly Is An Epulis In Dog?

A tumor that forms in a dog’s mouth cavity is called an epulis.

They are going to be seen on the gingiva (gums). They can have the same pinkish hue as the gums, although it is also possible for them to seem red and inflamed.

Fibromas of the Peripheral Odontogenic in Dogs

This particular type of epulis, which was formerly referred to as either a fibromatous or an ossifying epulis, is the most frequent benign tumor that may be seen in dogs.

Although they can occur at any age and in any breed of dog, the risk of developing them increases with the dog’s age after six. This tumor is a solid mass that expands at a slow rate and includes the gum tissues.

It arises from the ligament that connects the tooth to the bone and spreads to the gum tissues. They are considered curable with surgical removal of the entire mass, although they can become rather enormous.

What Does Epulis In A Dog Look Like?

It might be challenging to differentiate between the many types of epulis, but in general, these are pink masses with the same hue as the gums. When pressed, they have a definite crunch, and their surface may have a rough, almost cauliflower-like texture.

Acanthomatous Ameloblastoma 

Rapid expansion is characteristic of these cancerous tumors. They are believed to be aggressive and invasive because they infect the close tissues, including the bone.

These tumors were referred to as acanthomatous epulides at one point in history. You can find them on the front of the lower jaw.

This growth, which is very similar to the peripheral odontogenic fibroma discussed previously, begins in the ligament responsible for attaching the tooth to the jawbone.

What Causes The Growth Of A Dog’s Epulis?

Sadly, no one has ever determined what causes these growths. Given that most dogs that acquire an epulis are older than six, age and breed may play a role in the condition.

READ ALSO:  Mastering Canine Wellness: Your Ultimate Guide To Nurturing A Thriving, Healthy Dog

In addition, it appears that brachycephalic breeds, particularly boxers, have a higher incidence of the condition.

Signs And Symptoms Of Epulis In Dogs

Epulis can cause a variety of symptoms in canine patients. In most cases, they manifest themselves in the mouth. The following are some of the most often occurring symptoms:

  • Continual bleeding in and around the area
  • Drooling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Issues with chewing
  • Having bad breath
  • Swollen jaw
  • Loss of weight

After Surgery, Will The Epulis Grow Back?

An epulis can grow back after it has been cut off. On the other hand, that might be a very drawn-out process with dogs.

In certain instances, and depending on how invasive the epulis is, the only way to guarantee that it will not grow back is to remove it by surgery. This is the only way to make sure that it will not grow back.

Complete removal may entail cutting away a significant portion of the tissue surrounding the tumor.

How To Determine A Dog Requires Surgical Intervention?

You should get your dog’s mouth examined by a trained professional who is a licensed veterinarian. A physical examination of your dog’s overall health may also be performed.

The veterinarian may palpate the lymph nodes around the dog’s neck, look for new oral growths, and conclude the examination. In a perfect world, the veterinarian or the veterinarian oncologist would advise getting a biopsy as soon as possible.

If a cancerous development is found, achieving better surgical margins will be much simpler if the mass that needs to be removed is smaller.

The presence of malignant tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma, which might have the appearance of epulis, can also be ruled out with a biopsy.

Follow-up Veterinary care should be sought as soon as possible if you observe any of the five indicators listed below appearing for the first time or becoming more severe.

Drooling in Excessive Quantities

Because some dog breeds naturally drool, it is possible that it will not be immediately apparent whether or not your dog is drooling more than usual.

In this particular scenario, you must keep an eye out for a mix of the other indicators listed below. The following list is the breeds of dogs that are among the most drooly:

  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Bull Terrier
  • Bulldog
  • Mastiff
  • Newfoundland Dog
  • Saint Bernard
  • several Varieties of Hounds

Your dog may be anxious, overheated, hungry, or sick to his stomach if they are drooling excessively for no other reason than that; it is merely a sign.

When a dog has drooling issues due to an epulis in the mouth, the body reacts to the epulis as if it were a foreign body that has become lodged. Drooling is a defense mechanism triggered by the body when it detects a foreign body and wants to remove it.

Issues with Eating

If you’ve ever suffered from dental pain, you’re probably familiar with shifting food to one side of the mouth. If a dog has a dental problem such as gingivitis or periodontal disease, it may try to clean its teeth using the same method.

READ ALSO:  Collapsed Trachea in Dogs: Unveiling the Silent Struggle

When a dog eats, an epulis in its mouth can cause a lot of pain and discomfort. Because of this, it’s possible that your dog will start eating less or will act pickier than usual.


A human or animal with no appetite is referred to as having inappetence in the medical field. The majority of the time, canines will enthusiastically consume whatever is presented to them for consumption. Therefore, you ought to visit a veterinarian if this changes.

However, if the epulis infection causes the individual any pain or suffering, they may choose not to consume any food.


It is abnormal for dogs to have terrible breath. Any pungent or foul smell from your dog’s mouth is a warning sign that something is wrong.

He or she may have an infected tooth, swollen or infected gums, something putrid lodged in their teeth, or any other problems that require medical attention.

If a dog’s mouth shows signs of an epulis that is expanding, it is likely covering all or part of a tooth. The space between the teeth widens, increasing the likelihood that food may become lodged beneath the tissue.

The epulis does not have a foul odor, but the area around it can invite bacteria and infection if it is not cleaned regularly. This infection is responsible for the foul odor that is present.

Dogs Should Be Cleaned of Bad Breath.

Make sure to use toothpaste designed specifically for dogs whenever you are cleaning your dog’s teeth. Toothpaste designed for humans, even regular toothpaste, can be harmful to dogs.

Several things can be done to maintain the fresh scent of a dog’s breath, but at some point, your dog will likely require the assistance of a professional dog groomer.

While this is going on, there are a few things you may do to assist in controlling the odor, including the following:

  • Prevent Plaque and Tartar Build Up with TropiClean
  • Clean Me Dental Chews
  • Oxifresh Premium Pet Dental Vet recommended

Remember that the VOHC label indicates that the product has been validated through clinical testing. The VOHC has only given its stamp of approval to a single brand of toothpaste, which is PetSmile.

The Tumor Is Causing Bleeding

Do any toys your dog plays with have blood on them? When you throw sticks or a ball at your dog, does it cause bleeding in its mouth? This condition can be brought on by gingivitis that occurs regularly.

You may not notice bleeding from the gums until the epulis is irritated, either by anything in the mouth or by an excessive amount of drool.

If the epulis has progressed to the point that it bleeds easily, it is unquestionably time to schedule a consultation with the veterinarian to discuss the possibility of surgery.

READ ALSO:  Dog Breeds That Don't Shed: A Comprehensive Guide

Epulis Treatments In Dogs

To begin, your canine companion will get a comprehensive physical examination at the hands of your veterinarian. The mouth and gums of your dog will be the next area of focus for your veterinarian. Tests of the patient’s blood are the third step.

In the end, the removal of the growth is the treatment that is necessary for the illness. This is an operation that will be performed. The severity of the illness can be evaluated with the help of an X-ray.

After the treatment is complete, your dog will need to follow a diet consisting of softer foods for a few days. In addition, medication for the pain will be suggested.

Always adhere strictly to the dosage and administration instructions that your veterinarian provides. Additionally, make sure that you finish the prescribed amount of pills.

In conclusion, the reason for the condition is unknown; however, ensuring that your dog’s teeth are cleaned consistently will assist in preventing dental issues from occurring. Consult your veterinarian for more pointers on developing a suitable schedule for your dog.

Have you ever been responsible for caring for a dog that was affected by this condition? In what ways did your veterinarian assist in your dog’s recovery? Share your thoughts with us in the space below titled “Comments.”

What Is The Cost Of Surgically Removing An Epulis In A Dog?

There is no way around the extremely expensive expense of surgery, which is quite unfortunate. The following may be considered part of the overall cost of surgical removal of an epulis:

  • Pre-examination
  • Anesthesia
  • Monitoring of the dog during surgery
  • Cost of the surgeon’s hour
  • Antibiotics
  • Pain management
  • Time spent in the hospital


We all hope that our canine companions lead happy and healthy lives. Sadly, there is a price tag associated with that. If you are fortunate enough to have pet insurance, you can get a percentage of the cost covered. This depends on the policy you have.

It is impossible to disregard the presence of an epulis in a dog. In the long run, it will create problems for your dog and may significantly negatively impact the quality of life they enjoy.

Even dogs that receive routine dental treatment still risk acquiring an epulis in their mouths. You must send your dog to a qualified veterinarian as soon as you see any unusual lumps or bumps on your dog’s body, regardless of whether they are in the mouth or elsewhere.

We appreciate you for taking the time to read this article!


Finally, we hope you found this article interesting? And what do you think about ”Epulis in Dogs: Reason For Surgery On Your Dog?”

Please feel free to share or inform your friends about this article and this site, thanks!

And let us know if you observe something that isn’t quite right.