Giving Your Dog Eye Drops With Simple Steps: Find Out How!

Giving Dog Eye Drops

Giving Your Dog Eye Drops With Simple Steps: Find Out How!


As a pet owner, you should prepare to administer eye drops to your animal companion at least once in their lifetime.

They could be recommended as a simple antibacterial treatment for an eye infection or as an essential treatment for an eye problem that has been present for a longer period.

In this tutorial, we will discuss the proper manner to administer eye drops to your dogs and the potential benefits and drawbacks of using them.

Advice On How To Administer Eye Drops Safely

eye drop on dogs

Make Sure The Eye Drops Are Ready.

When administering eye drops to your pet, you should strive to make the entire process as easy and stress-free as possible for you and your animal companion.

Make sure that the cap has been removed from the bottle and any protective caps that may still be on the pipette. Also, check that the pipette has not been left with any residue. You are free to proceed as soon as it is determined that the fluid will move.

It is important to note that some eye drops come in a suspension and must be resuspended before being administered. This can be accomplished by shaking the bottle vigorously for ten to twenty seconds.

When It Is Required, You Should Use An Assistant.

Suppose your pet is easily agitated and is not likely to remain still for the required time. Having an assistant guarantees that your pet’s head remains still while you give the drops.

While the assistant focuses on keeping the patient’s head and body steady, you should pay attention to the eye drops and ensure they are administered correctly.

Maintain A Safe Grip On Your Pet


Place your dog in a sitting position in front of you once they have calmed down and are at ease. Place one hand tightly around your dog’s muzzle and then raise the animal’s head until it is perpendicular to the ground.

You should get behind your dog’s head when he is standing and approach his eye while holding the container of drops. If you do it this way, your dog will not become anxious when it sees the eye drops being administered.


When dealing with cats, it may be possible to make restraining them easier on yourself by wrapping their entire body in a blanket or towel, leaving only their head exposed.

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The first few times may be very challenging, and your cat’s eye may be unpleasant, so having a helper to keep them calm may be useful. Come up from behind the person’s head.


Working from an elevated platform such as a desk or table will make it much simpler to administer eye drops to rabbits. Put down a mat or a towel if it’s slippery.

As with cats, you can decide that the best way to prevent your rabbit from resisting is to cover it with a blanket or towel.

Again, having a helper will make the entire operation simpler and easier, and approaching your rabbit from behind its head should lessen the likelihood of your rabbit becoming anxious at the sight of the drops.

How to Give Eye Drops To Your Pet: A Step-by-Step Guide

eye drop on dogs

The first step 1: is to use cooled boiled water to remove any discharge from the area around the eyes. Use some paper towels to pat dry.

The first step 2: Sit down and face your pet. Your forefinger should be used to keep their eye open while your thumb should hold their chin in place. Please ensure that you are not using your dominant hand at this time.

The first step 3: Requires you to put the eye drops at an appropriate angle to the eye, approaching from behind the head, using the hand that you normally use.

Put one drop of the solution into the affected eye (one drop is a single dose). In other to prevent the spread of infection, you should not touch any area of the eye with the bottle or the pipette.

The first step 4: After holding your pet’s head in the same position for a few seconds to allow the eye drops to absorb properly, pat gently around the eye area to remove any residue that may have been left behind.

What Type Of Conditions Can Your Pet Require Eye Drops?

Eye drops are often an essential component of treatment plans for cats, dogs, and rabbits with either chronic or acute eye disorders.

Common conditions of the eye

Domesticated animals are susceptible to a wide variety of eye conditions throughout their lives. Some minor concerns can be remedied with brief therapies, while others could indicate more serious conditions that call for surgical intervention.

Eye drops are the most common therapy or treatment for eye conditions, and most require their use.

The following list is some of the most frequent medical disorders that call for treatment:


About five percent of dogs in the UK are affected with conjunctivitis, which can be either inflammation or an infection of the conjunctiva. The redness of the eye, an increase in the amount of blinking, and frequently a discharge are the symptoms.


This refers to the development of cloudiness in your dog’s lens, which might impact their vision. Without therapy, these conditions might worsen and lead to blindness.

Cataracts are responsible for 2% of all cases seen by veterinarians in the UK. If you see any cloudiness or graying in their eyes, you should make an appointment with your veterinarian.

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (also known as KC).

This disorder is characterized by dryness of the eye brought on by a deficiency in the fluid that coats the eyeball. It frequently results in eye infections and can be identified by symptoms such as excessive blinking and swelling of the eye.

Although the illness is moderately common in cats, dogs, and rabbits, it is more prevalent in certain dog breeds, including Cocker spaniels, Poodles, Bulldogs, West Highland White Terriers, Lhasa Apsos, and Shih Tzus.

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It has also been hypothesized that girls, as opposed to males, maybe more genetically prone to KCS.


The eyelids have an anomaly that causes them to roll inwards, and this condition is known as entropion. Entropion is a condition that can irritate the eye, which can lead to pain and even damage to the cornea.

Eye drops can ease the symptoms, but surgery is typically required to treat entropion properly.


Uveitis is an inflammation that affects the middle and back parts of the eye.

The disorder, typically an indication of a more serious sickness, is characterized by excessive blinking, squinting, discharge, and sensitivity to light. In addition, the eyes may become sensitive to the sun.

These are some of the typical reasons you might need to take your pet to the veterinarian for eye ailments. Other, less common reasons may include glaucoma, hyphema, excessive blood pressure, and more serious problems like trauma.


Even though they are not common in dogs, ocular infections or diseases caused by allergies can contribute to the discomfort your pet is experiencing.

Inflammation, a reddening of the eyes, and a discharge of watery mucus are some of the signs of eye allergies in dogs, which are more common in the summer.

Environmental allergens (like scented carpet cleaner, for example), parasites (like fleas), and, much less commonly, food allergies can all cause allergic reactions. Food allergies are far less common.


If your dog is having glaucoma, your veterinarian may suggest anti-glaucoma eye drops to help treat the condition, such as dorzolamide (which is sold under the brand names Cosopt and Trusopt) or timolol (which is sold under the brand names Timoptic and Betimol).

Eye drops aren’t always enough, and surgery can sometimes be necessary.

Types Of Eye Drops For Dogs

When trying to solve an issue your pet has with their eyes, choosing the appropriate treatment is essential. In some cases, the only treatment that may be necessary is using saline eye drops, while in others, medication may be required.

Before commencing therapy, you should check with your veterinarian to ensure that the eye drops you intend to use are acceptable for your dog’s condition. Using the incorrect product could end up doing more harm than good for your pet.

Saline eyewashes

Eyewashes containing saline are available for purchase over the counter and can be utilized to remove debris and grime from your dog’s eyes. Additionally, they can treat moderate allergic reactions and wash away the occasional crustiness and muck that develops in the corner of the eye. However, eyewashes might not assist with symptoms such as redness, dryness, or more complex eye disorders.

Antibiotic eye drops

For disorders such as canine conjunctivitis or keratitis, an antibiotic eye drop formulation such as ciprofloxacin (Ciloxan) may be recommended as a treatment option.

Steroid eye drops

Infections of the eye and severe allergic reactions can be treated with steroid eye drops. These eye drops require a prescription from your vet. If your dog’s cornea is injured, you must not use them.

Antibacterial eye drops

You can find antibacterial eye drops, wipes, and other topical items used for washing and treating eye irritation at pet retailers. Nevertheless, it is important to exercise caution when using these products before visiting a licensed veterinarian.

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Eye drops for canine glaucoma

As part of the treatment for canine glaucoma, eye drops such as dorzolamide (sold under the brand names Cosopt and Trusopt) or timolol (sold under the brand names Timoptic and Betimol) may be prescribed.

Other ophthalmic medications

Cyclosporine (Optimune) and tacrolimus are two examples of other ocular drugs that may be used to treat dry eyes in dogs. These drugs are intended to increase the amount of tears that are produced as well as to replace the tear film.

Depending on the specific health of your dog’s eyes, your veterinarian may suggest using eye ointments instead of eye drops.

Because of the consistency of the product, you won’t need to apply an ointment as frequently as you would eye drops, but you should still follow the directions that your veterinarian gives you.

Eye treatments (and ointments) are available that have been carefully developed to treat the issue at hand without causing harm to your dog’s eyes.

If your dog has adverse side effects or a deterioration in their condition, you should get in touch with your veterinarian as soon as possible.

Why You Should Not Use Humans Eye Drop On Your Dog’s Eyes

It is not recommended to use over-the-counter (OTC) eye drops or ointments for dogs unless specifically instructed by a licensed veterinarian.

These products can help to alleviate uncomfortable symptoms in people; however, this is not the case for dogs.

The component known as tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride, which constricts the blood vessels in the eye and relieves symptoms such as itching and redness, is frequently found in popular eyedrops.

Because this component could potentially be harmful to animals, especially if it were to be consumed, it is not advised for use with animals. Problems arising from the incorrect use of human drugs on animals could lead to more harmful and expensive consequences!

The only person qualified to inspect and accurately diagnose your dog is your veterinarian; therefore, you should first get in touch with them and schedule an appointment for your pet.

Meanwhile, some methods are less complicated and cost less money, such as making a straightforward saline solution and utilizing clean cotton balls to drip the mixture into your dog’s eye.

Suppose your dog has lately experienced eye irritation. In that case, you should try to rule out any potential external causes (such as additional dust or intensely scented goods, sand, or debris visible in your dog’s eye).


Questions People Also Ask: (FAQs)


How Do I Give My Dog Eye Drops?

Place one hand on the dog’s head and gently tilt its head back. With the other hand, gently pull down the lower eyelid to create a pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye and release the appropriate number of drops. Gently release the eyelid and hold the dog’s head still for a moment to allow the drops to be absorbed.

Can I Give My Dog Eye Drops If They Are Squirming?

It may be difficult to administer the drops if your dog is squirming, it’s best to have someone help hold the dog still while you give the drops. You can also try giving the drops when your dog is calm and relaxed, such as after a walk or a play session.

How Often Should I Give My Dog Eye Drops?

The frequency of administering the drops will depend on the specific medication and the condition being treated. Follow the instructions provided by your veterinarian or the medication package.

What Should I Do If I Accidentally Get The Eye Drops In My Dog’s Nose Or Mouth?

Accidentally getting the drops in your dog’s nose or mouth is not harmful. However, it’s important to wipe the nose or mouth clean to prevent the dog from licking the medication and swallowing a large amount.

What Are Some Common Side Effects Of Eye Drops For Dogs?

Common side effects of eye drops for dogs include redness, itching, and mild discomfort. If the side effects persist or worsen, contact your veterinarian.

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