Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed Features, Information, And Lifespan!

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed Features, Information, And Lifespan.


According to studies conducted on the subject, purebred dogs have an average lifespan of 11 years. The lifespan of a Miniature Schnauzer is approximately 12 years on average.

You may be wondering why this is the case. What causes some dog breeds to live significantly longer lives than others?

The most important factor is size. Smaller breeds tend to live longer lives, whereas giant breeds tend to live for a shorter period. Other considerations include the dog’s physical characteristics.

These characteristics include, among other things, the shape of their face and the length of their back. A dog’s characteristics can cause problems known as conformational defects, which can have a negative impact on its health and lifespan.

The Lifespan of a Miniature Schnauzer – How Long Will Your Dog Live?

With a Mini Schnauzer, you can expect a variety of behaviors.

  • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark
  • Highly intelligent, playful, and energetic
  • Friendly and eager to please
  • Hypoallergenic coat that sheds very little
  • Docile and devoted
  • Small but sturdily constructed

However, keep in mind the following additional characteristics that could be present:

  • When stressed, he can be irritable.
  • Strangers are treated with suspicion.
  • This dog does not tolerate harsh reprimands or negative reinforcement training.
  • She is easily bored and will seek out her entertainment.
  • Other small animals, such as cats, are more likely to be attacked by them.
  • Enjoys digging

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small, energetic, and affectionate dog breed with a high level of spiritedness. When led by confident and patient leaders, schnauzers are fun-loving and attentive family members.

In Germany during the nineteenth century, the Miniature Schnauzer got its start as a small farm dog that could rid her family’s property of vermin.

Mini Schnauzers are intelligent and amusing, but they can also be mischievous. They are highly social creatures who thrive when they can regularly spend quality time with their families.

Though spunky and playful, the Mini Schnauzer can also be reliable, loyal, and sensitive when required. The breed is highly trainable and adapts well to rural and urban environments.

Miniatures are well-suited for dog sports such as agility, earth dog trials, and flyball because they have a natural ability to learn and a strong desire to chase after prey.

Small Schnauzers have an average lifespan of 14 years and are generally considered a healthy breed.

The Health Of Your Miniature Schnauzer.

We understand that you are bothered about your dog and want to provide the best care. As a result, we have compiled a list of the health issues that we will discuss with you throughout your Mini Schnauzer’s life.

Knowing about the health issues specific to Miniature Schnauzers allows us to create a preventive health plan that will keep an eye out for and hopefully prevent some predictable risks.

Many diseases and health conditions in pets are genetic in nature, which means they are linked to your pet’s breed.

There is a general agreement among canine genetic researchers and veterinary practitioners that the conditions we’ve described here have a significant rate of incidence and impact in this breed, which we believe is supported by the data.

That does not imply that your dog will develop these issues; rather, it indicates that she is at greater risk than other dogs.

A general health guide for all canines and the most important genetic predispositions for Miniature Schnauzers are included in this publication. This information will assist you and us in making informed decisions about your pet’s specific medical needs.

We’ve also included a section at the end of the article that describes what you can do at home to keep your Mini Schnauzer looking and feeling her best.

As a result, you will know what to look out for, and we will all feel better knowing that we are providing the best possible care for your friend. Information on the general health of your Miniature Schnauzer

Dental treatment.

Dental disease is the most common chronic problem in pets, affecting 80 percent of all dogs by two, and is the most common chronic problem in cats.

Unfortunately, your Miniature Schnauzer is more susceptible to dental problems than other dogs, making her an especially difficult companion.

Dental disease begins with tartar buildup on the teeth and progresses to infection of the gums and roots of the teeth due to poor oral hygiene.

If we don’t take steps to prevent or treat dental disease, your friend may lose her teeth and put her kidneys, liver, heart, and joints in danger of being damaged.

In fact, the lifespan of your Miniature Schnauzer may be reduced by one to three years as a result of this condition. The dentist will regularly clean your dog’s teeth and advise you on what you can do at home to keep those pearly whites in clean shape.


Miniature Schnauzers are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that affect all dogs — such as parvovirus, rabies, and distemper, among other illnesses.

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We will recommend vaccinations based on her age, the diseases we see in our area, and other considerations. Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination.


When it comes to Miniature Schnauzers, obesity can be a serious health concern. Joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, joint back pain, and heart disease are all possible consequences of this serious disease.

Even though it’s tempting to feed your friend when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “love her to death” with leftover people’s food and doggie treats instead of giving her food.

Instead, please hug her, brush her hair or teeth, play a game with her, or even take her for a walk in the neighborhood. She’ll feel better, and you’ll feel better, too!


Bugs and worms of all kinds can infiltrate the body of your Mini Schnauzer, both inside and outside. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears, and she may not realize it.

Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms can enter her system through various routes, including drinking contaminated water, walking on contaminated soil, or being bitten by a mosquito carrying the parasite.

Some of these parasites have the potential to be transmitted to you or a member of your family, and they are a serious source of concern for everyone. Your canine companion may suffer from these parasites, resulting in pain, discomfort, and even death.

As a result, we must test for them regularly. Preventive medication will also be recommended by your Veterinary Clinic team if necessary to keep her healthy.

Spay or neuter your pet.

Spaying or neutering your Mini Schnauzer is one of the most important things you can do for her (neutered for males).

In females, this entails surgically removing the ovaries and, in most cases, the uterus, while in males, it entails surgically removing the testicles and other reproductive organs.

By the time you neuter or spay your pet, you reduce the risk of certain types of cancer in your pet and possibly becoming pregnant or fathering unwanted puppies.

Predispositions for Miniature Schnauzers Based on Genetics


Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects a large number of dogs. Any breed could be affected, but Mini Schnauzers have a higher-than-average occurrence than other breeds.

Doggy diabetes occurs when the dog’s body cannot regulate the metabolism of sugars in its bloodstream and requires daily insulin injections.

The condition of diabetes is serious, and it is critical to diagnose and treat it as soon as possible. Increased eating, drinking, and urination are among the symptoms also accompanied by weight loss.

If he exhibits any of these symptoms, we will conduct laboratory tests to determine whether or not he has this condition, and we will discuss treatment options with you.

Treatment necessitates a significant investment of both time and resources. Dogs with diabetes who are well-regulated today have the same life expectancy as other canines.

Problems with the Liver.

It is more likely that your Mini Schnauzer will develop a liver disorder known as portosystemic shunt than other dog breeds (PSS).

Some of the blood supply that should be directed to the liver is diverted around it instead, depriving the liver of the oxygen and nutrients it requires to grow and function properly.

If your friend has PSS, his liver will not be able to remove toxins from his bloodstream as efficiently as it should.

Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease).

It is believed that Cushing’s Disease is caused by a malfunction of the adrenal glands, which causes them to produce an excessive amount of steroid hormone.

This is a usual problem among dogs, and your Schnauzer is more susceptible to it than other breeds. In several cases, the condition progresses slowly, and the early signs are easily overlooked.

Some of the symptoms include excessive drinking and urination, increased appetite, and reduced activity level, followed by a potbelly, thin skin, and hair loss later in the disease.

In most cases, oral medications are used in conjunction with us to ensure that the proper dosage is administered.

Bleeding Disorder.

In dogs, several different types of inherited bleeding disorders can occur. The severity of the symptoms ranges from very mild to extremely severe.

It is not uncommon for a pet to appear normal until a serious injury occurs or surgery is performed, at which point severe bleeding can occur. Miniature Schnauzers are particularly susceptible to several relatively uncommon blood diseases.

Hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia occur when the immune system goes abnormal and begins attacking the pet’s red blood cells or platelet production.

If your dog’s immune system attacks and destroys red blood cells, it will quickly become frail, weak, and lazy.

His gums will likely appear whitish or yellow rather than the normal bright pink color. The immune system’s destruction of platelets will result in his blood failing to clot properly, which will result in bruises or abnormal bleeding.

Before performing any surgeries, we will conduct diagnostic testing for blood clotting to rule out any existing clotting issues.

Steroids and other immune-suppressive drugs will be prescribed to slow or stop the immune system’s destruction of healthy cells. Sometimes a transfusion of red blood cells or platelets is required in an emergency.

According to the American Heart Association, Von Willebrand’s disease is a blood clotting disorder that is commonly found in Mini Schnauzers.

Before performing surgery, we will perform diagnostic testing to determine blood clotting times or a specific DNA blood test for Von Willebrand’s disease and other similar disorders to rule out this problem.

Heart Disease.

Miniature Schnauzers are susceptible to various heart diseases, manifesting themselves both early and later in life. At your pet’s examination, we will listen for heart murmurs and abnormal heart rhythms.

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If necessary, we’ll perform an annual heart health check on your dog, including X-rays, an ECG, or an echocardiogram, depending on the risk factors for heart disease in your dog.

In many cases, early detection of heart disease allows us to treat your pet with medication that can extend its life for several years. Veterinary dental care and weight control are also important in preventing heart disease in animals.

In their golden years, heart failure is a leading cause of death in Miniature Schnauzers, especially in the elderly.

Generally speaking, most heart disease in dogs is caused by the weakening or slow deformity of heart valves, which causes them to no longer close tightly.

Blood then leaks back around the weakened valves, putting additional strain on the heart. Pets suffering from heart valve disease (also known as mitral valve disease) will develop a heart murmur.

Our veterinarians will conduct testing to determine the severity of the disease if your dog has a heart murmur or other outward signs that indicate heart problems. The same tests will need to be repeated at least once a year to keep track of the condition.

If heart valve disease is detected early on, we may be able to prescribe medications that will allow your pet to live for several years longer than expected.

Veterinary dental care and fatty acid supplementation could also help prevent heart disease, and weight control can help alleviate the symptoms of heart disease.

It is possible to develop sick sinus syndrome when the sinus node, a component of the body’s electrical system that signals the heart to beat, is not functioning properly.

This condition causes your Schnauzer’s heart rate to be extremely low, and he may become dizzy if he is forced to exercise.

When the case is mild, medication can be used to treat it; however, more advanced treatment may be required if the patient’s symptoms are severe.

To provide the best support and care for your friend, the veterinarian will perform an ECG test to measure the electrical activity of his heart once a year and before any anesthesia procedures.

Mini Schnauzers are susceptible to a condition known as patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA, which occurs when a small vessel that transports blood between two parts of the heart does not close properly shortly after birth, resulting in the death of the puppy.

As a result, excessive blood is transported to the lungs, resulting in fluid accumulation and increased strain on the heart. Coughing, fatigue during exercise, weight loss, shortness of breath, and weakness in the hind limbs are some outward signs that can appear.

Coughing can be mild or severe. Your pet’s examination will include listening for a specific type of heart murmur to determine if they have this problem.

Our doctors may recommend surgery to close the problematic vessel if your friend suffers from this condition.

Stones in the Bladder or Kidney.

Many stones can form in the kidneys or bladder, and Mini Schnauzers are more prone to developing them than other breeds of dogs.

We’ll regularly check his urine for telltale signs of kidney and bladder stones, which can be extremely painful, unsightly, and unsanitary.

If your friend has blood in his urine, is unable to urinate, or is straining to urinate, they are experiencing a medical crisis. Please contact the veterinarian immediately!

Disease in the Kidneys.

Glomerulonephropathy is an inherited disease that gradually damages the kidneys of your Mini Schnauzer, causing them to fail at an early age, which is common in this breed.

Our veterinarians may be able to diagnose this disease by testing your pet’s urine for excessive protein on an annual basis due to the leakage of protein from damaged kidneys.

Early detection results in a happier pet and a less complicated and more affordable treatment plan. As part of his treatment, we may also recommend following a special diet.

Disorders of the Digestive System.

In your Mini Schnauzer, several inherited conditions can cause recurrent vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss.

This includes conditions such as pancreatic or intestinal disease, food sensitivities, and food allergies. Some of these issues may manifest themselves as early as infancy.

To help prevent these conditions, feed only high-quality pet food (we can assist you in selecting the appropriate diet) and, most importantly, avoid feeding snacks and table food to your pet.

Especially bad for your buddy’s digestion are treats that are high in fat, sodium, or artificial ingredients (such as people’s food). The esophagus is the channel for transporting food from the mouth to the stomach by means of downward contractions.

The esophagus may become “mega” in size if it isn’t contracting properly. You may notice your Schnauzer throwing up tube-shaped portions of undigested food if he suffers from this condition.

It may be necessary to use special feeding postures, make dietary modifications, or take medications to manage this problem.

Unfortunately, dogs with megaesophagus frequently inhale small pieces of food while eating, resulting in severe pneumonia in some cases.

If you notice any unusual eating behaviors or vomiting after eating, please notify us immediately. We can determine whether or not your pet has this condition with a quick and painless X-ray.

Some dogs, such as your Mini Schnauzer, are more susceptible to developing pancreatitis, which is an inflammation of the pancreas.

The symptoms of pancreatitis include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, fever, lethargy, and dehydration, all caused by the pancreas’ production of insulin and digestive enzymes.

Acute pancreatitis is a life-threatening condition that can result in long-term health problems such as diabetes. It’s also a lot of discomfort! Most cases necessitate inpatient care for intensive care, pain management, and fluid support.

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Histologic gastroenteritis, or HGE, is a serious and sometimes fatal disease in dogs, most commonly seen in small and toy breeds like your Mini Schnauzer.

It is characterized by bloody diarrhea, vomiting, severe dehydration, and other signs of illness.

Dogs suffering from hemorrhagic gastroenteritis may require extensive treatment, and some dogs may not survive the disease if it is not treated promptly. If the disease is not treated promptly, it may be fatal.

There are many different causes of gastrointestinal disease in dogs, but any dog who exhibits these symptoms should be examined by a veterinarian as soon as is reasonably possible.


Seizures in dogs can be classified into three categories: reactive, secondary, and primary.  Epileptic seizures that occur due to a metabolic problem such as low blood sugar, organ failure, or a toxic substance are known as reactive seizures.

Secondary seizures are caused by a brain tumor, a stroke, or a traumatic brain injury. Epilepsy is referred to as primary or idiopathic epilepsy if no other underlying cause can be identified.

This problem is frequently passed down through families, and Miniature Schnauzers are particularly susceptible. If your friend is prone to seizures, the first episode will most likely occur between the ages of six months and three years.

An initial diagnostic workup may be beneficial in determining the source of the problem.

It is usually necessary to take medication for the rest of one’s life to keep seizures under control, with periodic blood tests required to monitor side effects and efficacy.

You should carefully prevent your dog from injuring himself if he is having a seizure, but avoid trying to control his mouth or tongue.

It would not help him, and he may bite you unintentionally. Please note the length of the seizure and contact an emergency hospital immediately.


Allergies to pollen, mold, or dust cause people to sneeze in response to them. Allergic reactions in dogs are characterized by itchy skin rather than sneezing. Atopy is the medical term for this type of skin allergy, which is common in Mini Schnauzers.

The feet, belly, folds of the skin, and ears are the most commonly affected human body areas. Symptoms usually appear between the ages of one and three, and they can worsen with each passing year.

Some of the very common symptoms of allergies include licking the hands and face and frequent ear infections in children.

For those suffering from these conditions, the good news is that there are numerous treatment options available.

Problems with the eyes.

There are few things that have a more significant impact on your dog’s overall quality of life than the proper functioning of his eyes.

The unfortunate reality is that Miniature Schnauzers can inherit or develop various eye conditions, some of which can result in blindness if not treated immediately, and the majority of which can be extremely painful!

Every examination will include a visual evaluation of his eyes to determine if there are any signs of concern.

Miniature Schnauzer Care at Home: What You Need to Know.

As is true for humans, much of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense.

This is also true for dogs. Examine her diet, and ensure that she gets plenty of exercise, and is properly groomed.

Please contact a local pet emergency hospital immediately (see “What to Watch For” below).

Make sure to follow the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we have prescribed for her as closely as possible.

This is when we’ll perform the necessary “check-ups” on her and test her for diseases and conditions common in Mini Schnauzers, such as heartworm and parvovirus.

Registration for pet health insurance is another critical step in providing your pet’s health care.

Medical tests and procedures will almost certainly be required throughout her life, and pet health insurance will assist you in covering the costs of these procedures and tests.

Routine care, diet, and physical activity are all recommended.

Make routine care a part of your daily routine to help your Mini Schnauzer live longer, be healthier, and be happier throughout her life. You cannot overstate the importance of following a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity.

  • Maintain the same level of supervision over your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms to avoid attracting attention. As a result, she will stay out of trouble and away from objects that she shouldn’t be putting in her mouth.
  • Brush her coat as often as necessary but at the very least once a week. Professional grooming will also help keep her wiry double coat in good condition twice a year. Because miniature Schnauzers frequently suffer from serious dental issues, you should brush their teeth at least three times a week!
  • Even as a puppy, you should clean her ears once a week.
  • Her intelligence and energy are boundless, so keep her mind and body stimulated, or she will become depressed.
  • She’ll become disinterested. And it’s at this point that the naughty behavior begins.
  • She has a strong chasing instinct, so she must be walked on a leash and kept in a secure yard.
  • So long as she is given daily walks and frequent play sessions, she will be perfectly content in an apartment.
  • Maintain consistency in your dog’s diet and refrain from feeding her human food.
  • Feed her a nutritious diet that is appropriate for her age.
  • Regular exercise for your dog is important, but do not overdo it first.

What to Keep an Eye Out For.

Depending on the circumstances, any abnormal symptom could be a symptom of a serious disease, or it could simply be a minor or temporary problem. Knowing when to seek veterinary assistance and how urgently it is necessary are important skills to have.

Many diseases cause dogs to exhibit a distinctive combination of symptoms, which can be a clear indication that your Miniature Schnauzer requires medical attention when taken together.

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