All You Should Know About The Life & Features Of Pug Dog Breed
Pugs are well-known for their adorable appearance, which includes their round, squishy faces. This breed is perfect for laid-back families and people who enjoy doting on their pets because it can be naughty at times but is adored by the people who own it.
However, pugs are susceptible to many of the same health problems as other dogs. Here is the information you require to live with pugs and properly care for them.
Pugs, likely originally bred to be lap dogs, thrive on human company and are happiest when they can be close to their owners. Pugs are known for their crazy antics and wild nature, which has earned them the title of “canine class clown.”
“They feel that they delight you only by being alive and inhaling your oxygen,” says Pam Nichols, DVM, who is set to become the president of the American Animal Hospital Association in the coming year. “They feel that they please you just by being alive.”
Because of their calm demeanor and affectionate nature, pugs make wonderful companions inside the home. However, you will need to invest in a good vacuum because they shed so much!
Pugs are satisfied to do anything their owner wants, whether watching a movie or walking around the block. Although they are playful, pugs do not require significant physical activity.
Pugs are joyful, affectionate puppies who are very loyal to their owners. Pugs have a high level of intelligence but may also be stubborn sometimes.
Pugs are a brachycephalic breed, meaning their lovely smooshed faces can also be the source of common health concerns for dogs. Prospective pug owners will want to educate themselves on these issues before adopting a pug.
History Of The Pug Dog
The pug dog is a breed that has been around for a long time and is believed to have originated in China.
According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), approximately 2,000 years ago, flat-faced or short-nosed toy dogs such as the pug were popular with Chinese emperors and helped them enjoy extravagant lives.
Gifts were the only purpose they were utilized outside of the Far East. But Dutch traders began arriving in Europe in the 1500s and early 1600s with the breed, and due to the breed’s appeal with royal households, it swiftly acquired popularity across Europe.
Various names throughout its long history have known the breed. Some of these names include lo-sze (in Chinese), mopsi (in Finnish), doguillo (in Spanish), and mophonds (in Dutch), amongst others.
According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the name pug is said to have been derived from the Latin word “pugnus,” which means “fist,” to reflect the fact that a pug’s face resembles the shape of a clinched fist.
During the Victorian era, pugs were also immensely popular, as seen by the prevalence of depictions of the breed on postcards, in paintings, and as sculptures.
For many years, they continued to serve primarily as the aristocracy’s pets. Both Queen Victoria and Marie Antoinette owned pugs, and Queen Victoria was known to breed the breed.
Marie Antoinette’s pug was named Mops. In the early 1800s, they underwent the process of being standardized as a breed.
When the English took control of the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860, they found numerous pugs and immediately began breeding them in England to enhance the breed.
Pugs arrived in the United States a short time after the end of the Civil War. In 1885, the breed was given official recognition by the American Kennel Club.
The Pug Dog Club of America was founded in the 1930s and was later recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Before this time, pug ownership and breeding were at an all-time high.
Appearance Of Pug Dog
According to the American Kennel Club, the average weight of a pug ranges from 14 to 18 pounds, even though these relatively small dogs pack a lot of muscle onto their square frame.
As a result, it is commonly said that the pug’s motto is “multum in parvo,” which translates to “a lot in a little.” The most common colors for pugs are fawn with a black mask or completely black.
There are also a few tonal variants within each color. The hue of the fawn or tan coat could range from a warm apricot to a chilly and rarely seen silver, depending on the individual animal.
Their skulls are characterized by the characteristic short, flat, black muzzle that is covered with deep wrinkles.
Their large, expressive eyes take up much of their wrinkly, goofy face and convey a wide range of feelings, from surprise and happiness to curiosity and even a little bit of fear.
They have moles on their cheeks that are sometimes referred to as “beauty spots,” and they have a distinct “thumb mark” on the center of their forehead.
They have a short coat, but it is a double coat, and they shed a lot, especially during the warmer months.
Nichols says, “I’d call them monster shedders,” adding that you should be p to have your garments covered in fur and be aware of this possibility.
The ideal pug tail, as defined by the standards of the AKC, should have two distinct curls.
Temperament Of Pug Dog
The nice place in the world for a pug to be is right by your side.
They have been bred specifically to be companion animals, so they are perfectly satisfied to spend their days lazing about on your lap, dozing off the hours, and even jumping straight into bed with you.
However, a word of caution: Because of their wheezing, snorting, and snoring, pug owners may consider purchasing earplugs.
If you do not lavish them with attention or leave them alone for extended periods, they will become pretty miserable, and they will make sure you are aware of their distress.
It is unrealistic to expect a pug to guard, hunt, or retrieve anything for you. A pug will not participate in such actions under any circumstances.
According to the Pug Dog Club of America (PDCA), despite their small stature, they still need to get up for some romping and playing.
Pugs are hilarious little dogs who frequently find ways to make their own foolish entertainment; however, you must pay attention to the show they are putting on to ensure they can preserve their dignity when required.
Living Needs Of Pug Dog
Kids love pugs, and pugs love kids. Although they are considered a toy breed, pugs are sturdier than other dogs of the same size and are eager to engage in play.
To spare the children any disappointment, explain that pugs are not likely to engage in activities such as playing fetch or chasing a soccer ball.
Pugs are known for their easygoing nature and ability to get along with a wide variety of companions, including other dogs, cats, rabbits, and even people.
Because they don’t need a lot of room to move around inside, pugs are also excellent choices as companion animals for people who live in apartments or are elderly.
This makes them a terrific choice. Although this does not necessarily imply that pugs are lazy, it is common knowledge that they can sleep up to 14 hours daily.
They don’t bark very often either because to the fact that it can be difficult for them to breathe. Due to their breathing difficulties and short legs, they are not very good swimmers.
Despite this, on very hot summer days, they could probably use a refreshing swim in the pool; they don’t handle the heat—or the cold—very well.
Care Of Pug Dog
According to the PDCA’s research, your pug may love food even more than they love you, even though they already love you.
Because of their small stature, they may acquire weight rapidly; as a result, you should be careful to help monitor their intake, restrict the amount of treats they get, and don’t give them table scraps, no matter how adorable and begging their look may be.
In addition, you should encourage exercise, even though kids don’t require much in a day. They devise ingenious strategies to get rid of their excess energy.
The heavy shedding of a pug can be managed by bathing the dog regularly (approximately once a month) and brushing it frequently (using a brush with medium-sized bristles, a grooming mitt made of rubber, or a hound glove).
Additionally, you need to care more for those cute wrinkles on your face since they are filthy and wet; they can become a breeding ground for illness.
After bathing your pug, pat it dry completely and use a dry cotton ball to remove any wrinkles that may have formed in the interim.
In addition, pugs need frequent nail trimming because their nails do not break down naturally from spending a lot of time outside as other breeds do.
Because pugs are prone to developing gum disease, their teeth must be brushed consistently.
Nichols notes that training might be difficult at times. These pups are more challenging to instruct and are not particularly interested in hearing your point of view.
Because of how readily their feelings can be harmed, harsh training approaches should be avoided. Remember that their overarching objective is to spend time with you.
The Pug is a low-maintenance companion, which makes it an excellent choice for senior owners despite its energetic and active nature.
They are a wonderful option for people who live in apartments because they are a petite breed that makes little noise and are relatively passive when they are inside.
Their small size belies a great deal of energy, so if your Pug doesn’t get a walk or some fun, you may expect them to act ridiculously if they don’t exercise.
They are nevertheless sensitive to heat and humidity; therefore, if you live in a hot or humid climate, you should ensure that your Pug does not spend excessive time outside.
Pugs are known for loud snoring, so people who have trouble sleeping through the night may consider purchasing earplugs.
Personality Of The Pug
Don’t count on a Pug to help you hunt, guard, or retrieve anything. Pugs were originally meant to serve as companion animals, precisely the role in which they excel the most.
The Pug yearns for love and the comfort of your lap, and he will be inconsolable if his devotion is not reciprocated. He is typically a lazy dog willing to lie in your lap while you watch television, read a book, or watch a movie.
This does not imply that the Pug is stubborn or resistant to change. Au contraire. He is a cheerful, humorous dog who likes living life to the fullest and provides his owner with much joy with his goofy antics.
His temperament can be influenced by a variety of things, including genes, experiences, and environment. Puppies with pleasant dispositions are outgoing and energetic and aren’t afraid to approach people or ask to be carried by them.
Pick the puppy that is behaving the best, not the one that is bullying the other puppies in the litter or the one who is cowering away in the far corner.
Always be sure you meet at least one of the parents, and in most cases, the mother will be the available one, so that you can confirm that both of them have pleasant personalities and that you will feel at ease with them.
When attempting to predict what a puppy would be like as an adult, it is helpful to spend time with the puppy’s siblings and any other relatives that the parents have.
Early socialization, which involves exposing a young Pug to a wide variety of people, sights, noises, and experiences, is essential for the Pug, just as it is for any other breed of dog.
You may ensure that your Pug puppy will mature into a well-balanced dog through proper socialization. A good first step would be to enrol him in a kindergarten class for puppies.
In addition, you can assist him in improving his social skills by inviting people over regularly, taking him to busy parks and stores that are dog-friendly, and taking him on strolls to meet people in the neighborhood.
Health Of The Pug
In general, pugs enjoy good health; nevertheless, like other dog breeds, they are predisposed to several diseases.
It’s vital to be aware of these conditions if you’re thinking about getting a Pug, even though not all Pugs will have any or all of the diseases listed below.
If you want to buy a puppy, you should look for a reputable breeder who can provide you with health clearances for both of the dog’s parents. Clearances from the veterinarian demonstrate that a dog has been examined for and found to be free of a certain disease.
If you are looking at pugs, you should anticipate seeing health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a score of fair or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying that the eyes are normal. All of these clearances should be present.
Checking the OFA website will allow you to verify that you have received the necessary health approvals (offa.org).
Cheyletiella Dermatitis (Walking Dandruff)
Cheyletiella Dermatitis, often known as Walking Dandruff, is a skin ailment brought on by a microscopic mite. Contact your local veterinarian if you notice a lot of dandruff, particularly along the middle of the back. Because these mites, responsible for causing this ailment, are contagious, it is necessary to treat all of the pets in the family.
Pug Dog Encephalitis
The fatal inflammatory brain illness known as pug dog encephalitis (PDE) is a condition that only affects pug dogs. Researchers in the medical field have no idea what causes this ailment to manifest in Pugs. Hence there is no method to test for it or treat it.
Testing the dog’s brain tissue after it has passed away is the sole method for establishing a diagnosis of PDE. PDE typically strikes young dogs, causing them to convulse, circle, and eventually go blind before slipping into a coma and passing away.
This may take a few days or a few weeks to take place. The Pug Dog Club of America and the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation are now financing research initiatives to understand PDE better, which appears to have a hereditary component.
Epilepsy is not the only condition that can bring on seizures in Pugs; PDE is only one of them. They are more likely to suffer from a disease known as idiopathic epilepsy, which is characterized by seizures for no apparent reason. If you notice that your Pug is having seizures, you should take him to the veterinarian so that they can decide the best course of therapy for him.
Pugs that are ten years old or older and exhibit symptoms such as dragging their rear end, staggering, difficulty jumping up or down, or becoming incontinent may suffer from nerve degeneration. It would appear that affected Pugs are not experiencing any pain, and the progression of the ailment is typically very gradual.
Researchers are still determining why this phenomenon takes place. Because their front legs frequently continue to be strong, some owners purchase carts for their Pugs to assist them in getting around. Additionally, the veterinarian may be able to prescribe medicine to help reduce the symptoms of the condition.
Due to the size and prominence of the Pug’s eyes, they are susceptible to injury and can develop ulcers on the cornea if they are scratched or cut (the clear part of the eye). If your Pug is squinting, has red eyes, or is crying excessively, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Corneal ulcers react favorably to medicine in most cases, but if they are not treated, they can lead to blindness or cause the eye to explode.
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca and pigmentary keratitis are two disorders common in Pugs and are both classified as dry eye. They may take place concurrently or independently of one another. The condition known as dry eye occurs when the eyes do not generate enough tears to keep themselves moist.
Your veterinarian can do tests to discover if this is the root of the problem, which, if it is, can be treated with medicine and managed with additional attention. Pigmentary keratits is a condition that manifests itself as dark spots on the cornea, most noticeably at the corner of the eye that is located closest to the nose.
If the pigment gets into the eye, it can lead to permanent vision loss. Your veterinarian can write you a prescription for medication that will keep the eyes moist and dissolve the pigment in them. Treatment and care for each eye disorder must be continued throughout one’s lifetime.
Pugs are prone to a variety of eye problems, including proptosis (a condition in which the eyeball is dislodged from the eye socket and the eyelid clamps behind it), distichiasis (an abnormal growth of eyelashes on the margin of the eye, which results in the eyelashes rubbing against the eye), progressive retinal atrophy (a degenerative disease of the retinal visual cells that leads to blindness), and entropion (a condition in which the (the eyelid, usually the lower lid, rolls inward, causing the hair on the lid to rub on the eye and irritate it).
Some Pugs are susceptible to a wide variety of allergies, ranging from those related to touch food. If you see your Pug constantly licking his paws or rubbing his face, you should be suspicious that he has an allergy and take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
The skin condition known as demodectic mange is caused by a parasite known as a demodex mite, which is present in every dog. This mite is transmitted from the mother dog to her puppies within the first few days of their lives. The mite cannot be passed on to people or other dogs; the mother is the only one who can infect her puppies with it.
Mites called Demodex are commonly found in hair follicles. However, they rarely cause any discomfort. Demodectic mange is a condition that can affect your Pug if it has a low immune system or one that has been damaged. Demodectic mange can either be contained or spread throughout an area.
In the localized type, areas of skin that are red, scaly, and balding emerge on the affected individual’s head, neck, and forelegs. It is commonly thought of as a disease that affects puppies and usually goes away on its own. However, you should still take your dog to the veterinarian since it could develop into a more severe form of demodectic mange called generalized mange.
Older puppies and early adult dogs are more likely to suffer from generalized demodectic mange since it affects the entire body. The dog’s skin begins to develop lesions, bald areas, and skin diseases everywhere on its body. Because there is a genetic connection, the American Academy of Veterinary Dermatology advises that either neutering or spaying should sterilize all dogs that develop generalized demodectic mange.
Infection with Staph Bacteria that cause staph infections are typically found on the skin; however, if a dog’s immune system is strained, the dog may develop pimples and hair follicles that are infected. In locations where there is hair, the lesions can look like hives; in areas where there is no hair, the lesions can look like ringworm. You need to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible for treatment.
Infection Caused by Yeast Your Pug may have an infection caused by yeast if he has a foul odor, is itchy, and has thickened and darkened skin. It most frequently manifests itself in the groin, armpits, feet, and inside the ears of the affected individual. Your veterinarian should be able to prescribe drugs to treat this condition.
Short-nosed dog breeds, such as Pugs, Bulldogs, and French Bulldogs, are more likely to have hemi-vertebrae than longer-nosed dog breeds. In other cases, the condition affects only a small number of the dog’s vertebrae, and the dog can still have a normal life. Between the age range of 4 and 6 months, some children will begin to wobble and walk in an uncoordinated, feeble manner. Others dogs have a worsening of their condition over time, and some may even become paralyzed. It is not possible to assume what caused the disorder. Having surgery done might be beneficial.
Hip dysplasia is a condition that could affect dogs of all sizes, including Pugs, and can manifest in both tiny and large breeds. It is believed that various factors, such as genetics, environment, and diet, all have a role in developing this hip joint malformation. In most cases, affected Pugs can live normal, healthy lives as long as they receive the necessary veterinarian care.
Another condition that affects the hip joint is called Legg-Perthes disease. There are a lot of toy breeds that are susceptible to this problem. The blood flow to the head of the femur (the huge bone in the back of the leg), which is affected when your Pug has Legg-Perthes disease, is reduced, and the head of the femur that links to the pelvis begins to disintegrate.
In puppies, the initial signs of Legg-Perthes, which include limping and atrophy of the leg muscle, typically appear between the ages of four and six months. The issue can be treated successfully with surgery that removes the diseased portion of the femur so that it is no longer linked to the pelvis. The procedure leaves behind scar tissue that forms a fake joint, and in most cases, the puppy does not experience any pain.
Patellar Luxation: The patella, or kneecap, is affected by this condition. The medical term “luxation” refers to the dislocation of an anatomical portion (as a bone at a joint). Patellar luxation is painful when the knee joint (often of the hind leg) moves in and out of place. While this can be extremely debilitating, many dogs live pretty normal lives despite this illness.
Vaccination Sensitivity: There have been cases of pugs that have been reported to have a negative reaction to their normal immunizations. In most cases, hives, facial swelling, painfulness, and fatigue are symptoms.
Although it is extremely unusual, a dog that is hypersensitive to immunizations runs the risk of developing complications or perhaps passing away. After getting vaccinated, keep a close eye on your Pug for a few hours, and contact your veterinarian immediately if you see anything out of the ordinary.
Feeding The Pug
The recommended daily intake is a half cup to one cup of premium dry food per day, to be served in two separate meals.
Please consider that the amount of food your adult dog needs depends on his age, size, structure, metabolism, and how active he is. Because each dog is an individual, just like each person, their dietary requirements will all be different.
It should go without saying that a dog with a high activity level will require more than a dog whose primary activity is lounging around the house.
The quality of the dog food that you purchase is another factor that plays a role. The higher the quality of the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing it, and the less you will need to shake into the bowl it eats from.
The attention of people is the Pug’s primary affection, but the food is his second greatest passion. These canines can’t get enough of chowing down on food.
Because of this, they are at an increased risk of becoming obese in addition to their short stature. You have a responsibility to exercise self-control if you own a Pug.
Please do not give in to his demands regarding eating. Feed adequate portions, minimize treats and encourage exercise.
Coat Color And Grooming
Pugs are double-coated dogs, even though their coats are rather short. The color of a pug’s coat can range from black to fawn.
The color fawn can have a variety of undertones, such as apricot or silver, and all pugs have a short, broad, black muzzle. Even if the coat is short and sleek, be aware of its appearance.
Pugs have a prodigious amount of shedding, especially in the summer. The astute owner of a Pug recognizes this fact and adapts her outfit appropriately, choosing to dress her dog in lighter colors that are better at hiding hair.
After that, maintaining the coat with regular brushing and bathing helps keep it in good shape and reduces the amount of shedding.
Even though a bath once a month is all that is required, some owners of Pugs give their dogs more regular baths. Since of his small size, the Pug is an excellent utility dog because it can be washed in the kitchen or utility sink.
These house dogs must get their nails trimmed regularly because they do not normally wear down their nails outside like active breeds. Additionally, it is a good idea to clean the Pug’s ears once every two to three weeks.
The creases on the Pug’s face call for additional notice. If you let these creases grow wet or unclean, they can quickly become breeding grounds for infection.
After each bath, the creases need to be fully dried, and you should also smooth them out in between washes. When cleaning the folds, some owners use only a cotton ball left to dry, while others turn to professional baby wipes.
In addition, the puffy eyes of the Pug require further special treatment. The eyes are susceptible to damage and irritation from soaps and chemicals because they protrude from the head.
The Pug, like many other toy and petite breeds, has a higher risk of developing gum disease. Brushing your dog’s teeth consistently with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste helps prevent this problem.
When your Pug is still a puppy, you should start getting him used to having his coat combed and being examined. Handle his paws often, as dogs are sensitive about having their feet handled, and examine the contents of his mouth.
You can build the framework for smooth veterinary checkups and other handling when he’s an adult if you make grooming a good experience by giving him praise and prizes while he’s being groomed.
Check the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet for sores, rashes, or signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation as you groom your pet.
The eyes should be free of any redness or discharge and should be clear. Your thorough self-exam each week will assist you in detecting any potential health issues at an earlier stage.
Pug With Other Animals And Children
Pugs love youngsters. The Pug may be little, but he is not fragile like some toy breeds, making him an excellent breed option for households that include youngsters.
However, parents who want their children to have an active companion that can play soccer or retrieve balls will be dissatisfied with a pug.
Always ensure that an adult is there to monitor interactions between children and animals.
A Pug that has been adequately educated and socialized appreciates the company of other dogs and can be trusted with cats, rabbits, and other animals.
Fun Facts Of Pug Dog
- The American Kennel Club (AKC) cites a narrative in which a pug is said to have rescued the life of the Prince of Orange by barking a warning before Spanish troops attacked, which led to the pug becoming the official symbol of Holland’s royal House of Orange.
- Another tale states that certain pugs were highly valued in Chinese society because the wrinkles on their faces resembled characters in the Chinese language that referred to good fortune.
- A collection of pugs is known as a “grumble.”
- It should be no surprise that the adorable faces of pugs have been captured on film. There’s Frank from “Men in Black,” Otis from “The Adventures of Milo and Otis,” and Percy from “Pocahontas.” In recent years, several pugs have achieved insta-fame on the photo-sharing platform Instagram. There is no contest: Doug the Pug is by far the most well-liked of the lot. The celebrity dog has more than 13 million social followers; because of this, he is friends with celebrities like Joe Jonas and Shakira. Doug won a People’s Choice Award for Animal Star in 2019, which he received this year.
- Pug owners and enthusiasts are just as eccentric and lovable as the breed. They frequently dress up their dogs in costumes and hold get-togethers and parades centered around the pug.
Questions People Also Ask: (FAQs)
What Distinguishing Characteristics Does A Pug Possess?
Pugs are distinguished by the huge, round heads, shortened muzzles, and pronounced forehead wrinkles that characterize their breed.
It is stated that the vertical wrinkle on the forehead looks like the Chinese character for “prince,” which is referred to as the “prince mark.” Because of their protruding position, the eyes are more likely to sustain damage.
What Are Some Things You Need To Know Before Getting A Pug?
Things that you need to be aware of before obtaining a pug
They won’t stop following you no matter where you go.
They have a propensity for developing health issues.
They require a great deal of focus and concentration.
They are not those types of people (mostly).
They cried quite a bit.
They have the potential to be annoying.
They have a good mind.
It may take some time to properly house-train them.
Are Pugs Able To Be Left Alone?
Especially for a young dog, that is a fairly extended period to be left alone. A pug may be fine, but finding a puppy who will be healthy is nearly more important than choosing the right breed.
A dog with a relatively high energy level would find this situation to be very distressing. They need to be stimulated frequently and taken for long walks.
How Frequently Do Pugs Have To Empty Their Bladders?
Depending on how much they drink and how often they eat, adult pugs may need to go outside to relieve themselves as many as six times a day. On the other hand, puppies may only need to go out to relieve themselves once every couple of hours.
Suppose you notice that your Pug needs to urinate significantly more frequently than usual. In that case, this may indicate a health problem, the most prevalent of which are bladder and urinary tract infections (UTIs).
When Should I Take My Pug Out At Night? What Hour Is Best?
Your dog’s age, health condition, and level of training may all have an impact on how frequently you need to take them outside at night, but in general, the best time to take your dog out at night is right before you put them to bed and the last time you take them out at night should be right before you put them to bed.
How Savvy Is A Pug, Exactly?
Pugs are ranked as the 108th smartest dog breed when obedience and working IQ are considered. Because of this, their intelligence falls into the “below average” category for dogs.
Despite this, Pugs often have a high intellect and can adapt to new situations. To put it another way, Pugs possess an unusually high level of intelligence due to their exceptional capacity for social interaction.
Can Pugs Retain Information Well?
According to research, canines do not have a significant amount of short-term memory. Even if you recently tossed a ball at your dog, they will be ecstatic if you toss it another ten times since they want to play with it so badly. Dogs do not have any true long-term or episodic memory. Thus, they will need help remembering particular events from their past.
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