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What Are Some Of The Edible Aquatic Plants?

What Are Some Of The Edible Aquatic Plants?

 

 

 

When you’re gardening, you’ve probably wondered, “What Are The Edible Aquatic Plants?”

In this article, you’ll learn about several plants you can eat while growing in your pond. Cattails, Nasturtium officinale, Cabomba, and more are just a few of the many choices.

In addition to these, you’ll also find a few plants you can’t resist: cattail rhizomes, arugula, and Cabomba.

Cattails


Depending on where you live, cattails are a great addition to your pond.

cattails

Their rhizomes, which produce cotton-like down, are used for livestock feed. The byproducts of cattail growth are also used as mulch.

In the spring, cattail growth provides fair cattle forage. They can be pests, however, and can interfere with aquaculture operations and irrigation channels. Moreover, their extensive growth can speed up eutrophication.

Cattails have erect, cylindrical spikes with narrow leaves and a cigar-shaped flowerhead.

These spikes grow one to three meters high and produce a pair of staminate and female flowers. The staminate flowers fall over the pistillate flowers and fertilize them.

Later in the summer, a seed head forms, which contains about two hundred million seeds. The seeds disperse by the wind.

Cattail Rhizomes


If you’re looking for a new culinary addition to your pond, consider cattail rhizomes.

cattail rhizomes

They’re a tasty, hearty wild food that’s great for pancakes and bread. You can even use them as a thickener in stews and casseroles!

The rhizome is a versatile plant, and you can enjoy it without ever having to plant it again!

The leaves and rhizomes of the common cattail plant are also edible. In the spring, spikes and pollen form. The best times to harvest cattail are in the fall and in the spring.

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cattail rhizomes

Usually found growing near shorelines, cattails reproduce by seed or horizontal creeping stems. The seeds contain flavorful, sweet, and nutritious ingredients.

These edible aquatic plants are widely used as ornamental plants and can be incorporated into water gardens and landscapes.

Cabomba


The plant is often referred to as the “giant Cabomba,” but you can find many varieties available.

cabomba

These plants are native to South America and thrive in freshwater with a pH of 6 to 7.5 and a temperature range of 22 to 28 degrees Celsius.

They also produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide, and are an important part of the aquatic ecosystem.

Consequently, they are often grown for both their food value and their ornamental qualities.

The leaves of the Cabomba plant grow from the apical parts of the stem. The plant has an orbicular leaf shape.

The stems are red and have fine longitudinal striations. Cabomba is a facultative xenogamous plant that produces only one carpel in a follicle-like fruit.

Its leaves and flowers are edible. Its seeds are oval and are available from May through September.

Nasturtium Officinale


Watercress, or Nasturtium officinale, is a perennial herb that is commonly known as “Watercress.”

nasturtium officinale

This herb is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Native to western Asia, Europe, and India, Nasturtium officinale has been widely introduced into the United States and northern Africa.

It has been a problem in some areas because it can become invasive. Watercress has both male and female parts in its flowers.

Pollination is carried by wind and water, as well as by bees, moths, flies, and butterflies. Watercress spreads vegetatively by stolons that fall over.

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nasturtium officinale

In addition, the stems of the watercress grow into roots. Animals, including wild deer, cows, muskrats, and snails, eat them.

Neptunia Oleracea


Known as a plant that grows in still water, Neptunia Olerace is an edible aquatic plant with a range of uses.

neptunia oleracea

Although its native habitat is unknown, it is commonly found growing prostrate near the water edge or floating on water.

The fruit and juice of the stem and roots are both edible and used medicinally. A whole-plant extract was recently shown to have cytotoxic activity against neoplastic cell lines.

The roots of N. Oleracea are used to make soups. It is cultivated in Vietnam and Thailand.

The edible part of the stem is harvested and eaten by the Manipur people, who remove the cotton-like substance that clings to it. It is regarded as a delicacy in two cuisines.

In addition to its nutrient-rich flavor, N. Oleracea is also high in protein and is used in the cuisine of the Manipur state.

Water Spinach


A common ingredient in Southeast Asian dishes, water spinach is a popular, nutritious vegetable.

water spinach

This plant’s wide, smooth stems trail along the bottom of ponds and streams and float above the water.

This vegetable has nodes at the nodes of the stems, which allows it to easily form new plants when a fragment breaks off. It’s edible and packed with vitamins and minerals.

If you’re thinking of planting water spinach in your garden, keep reading. Water spinach has been used for thousands of years as a medicinal vegetable in southern Asia.

water spinach

It is native to Southeast Asia, and its first use was documented during the Chin Dynasty.

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Because water spinach grows well in moist soil, it was introduced to the Western world in the 16th century and quickly became a weed.

In Florida, water spinach is a noxious weed, and it’s illegal to plant it anywhere else without a permit.

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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