All The Facts And Info You Need To Know About The Great Indian Hornbill

The Great Indian Hornbill

All The Facts And Info You Need To Know About The Great Indian Hornbill



This article will give you some basic facts about the Great Indian Hornbill. We’ll discuss its distribution, food habits, social nature, threats, and habitat.

Read on for more information! Listed below are some facts about this bird, including its appearance and sound.

You can also find out about its natural history. This article will also give you some interesting facts about hornbills.

Habitat Loss From Logging And Agriculture

Decades ago, the Great Indian Hornbill may have been found throughout the hill forests of Bangladesh, but only in a few places.

the great indian hornbill

Since then, it has been recorded only in the Sangu-Matamuhuri Wildlife Sanctuary in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in SE Bangladesh and the Kassalong Reserve Forest in the same region.

During three of five recent surveys, the Great Hornbill was observed in these two sanctuaries. The sanctuaries also host a resident population.

In addition, the species is present in the Nakai-Nam Theun National Biodiversity Conservation Area. The hornbill depends on trees that have large cavities for nesting.

Consequently, logging of large trees is one of the leading threats to the hornbill’s survival.

the great indian hornbill

It has been listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and logging of these trees has been cited as the main reason for its decline.

Three of the species of hornbills are given the highest level of protection in India. Currently, 26 of the 62 species of hornbills are globally threatened, 26 of them near-threatened, and eighteen are listed as Least Concern.

This is good news for those of us who love these beautiful birds, but the bad news is that they may soon be rare. Habitat loss has been happening for some time now, but it is only a matter of time until the hornbill is no longer a popular sight.

The loss of habitat around hornbill nests has gotten so alarming that the birds have already relocated to more secure locations.

In the Valparai area of Tamil Nadu, for example, the area surrounding the nesting trees is now covered in thickets of tropical rainforest.

the great indian hornbill

This was a natural habitat that was home to several tribes and a large number of hornbills before the colonial era. But the thickets were cut down to make way for agricultural development and other commercially important crops.

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While hunting was once a major threat, a recent study has highlighted illegal logging as the main threat facing this species in Eastern Himalayan forests.

However, logging is a growing problem in Papum Reserve Forest, which lacks the protections of a national park.

In addition to illegal logging, the reserve forest also lacks the protections that a national park does, so illegal loggers have attacked indigenous activists in the Papum Reserve Forest.

Prey On Small Mammals, Birds, Reptiles And Insects

The Great Indian Hornbill lives in tropical regions and roosts on thin branches near treetops.

the great indian hornbill

The smaller varieties become prey for large eagles and owls. They use their bill edges as a saw to grasp fruit and small mammals. Larger species are mainly fruit eaters and travel in flocks.

Their diet varies from year to year, but they are generally seen during spring and summer. The Great Indian Hornbill’s diet consists mostly of figs and other fat-rich fruits.

In addition to fruit, they also prey on insects, small mammals, lizards, and snakes. It is one of the most iconic birds of the Indian subcontinent.

The species is threatened by humans due to habitat loss, habitat destruction, and habitat loss. The Great Indian Hornbill lives in forests of the Malay Peninsula, Southeast Asia, and India.

the great indian hornbill

These birds are also found in Mainland Southeast Asia, China, and the Philippines.

The Great Indian Hornbill nests in large trees and nests in old-growth forests in hilly areas. In captivity, the Great Indian Hornbill lives for 50 years.

The Great Indian Hornbill’s bill is very distinctive, showcasing its diversity. It takes five years to develop and shows the massive diversity of its species.

The Great Hornbill’s distribution ranges from Burma and Malaya to Sumatra. It often uses tall trees to nest, which is one of the reasons why it tends to prefer tall trees.

Its red eyes and thin bill make it easy to spot a Great Indian Hornbill. The Great Indian Hornbill is a monogamous bird that lays its eggs in fig trees.

It is a bird that produces a loud whooshing noise. The loud whooshing noise it makes allows people to track them as they move through the forest.

the great indian hornbill

They have an incredible ability to attract predators, but they rarely attack people. There are a few ways to identify a Great Indian Hornbill if you want to see one in the wild.

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A rare variety of hornbills live in the wild. Some are housed as pets, while others are not tame enough to live in a household.

While Tockus hornbills are softbills, they aren’t recommended as pets. They eat only white bananas but can eat three to six kilograms of fruit a day.

Other species, like the Malabar Gray Hornbill, are more suited for the home environment.

Social Nature

The social nature of the Great Indian Hornbill has been well documented in scientific literature, but the question is how can conservation efforts be made more effective?

the great indian hornbill

In addition to scientific research, WGHF also supports indigenous communities by implementing community-based conservation programs.

They have also conducted numerous scientific studies on hornbill behavior and food habits, as well as made major habitat interventions that have helped protect the rainforest and improve the living standards of Kadar tribes.

The Great hornbill is a highly social bird, which means it lives in small flocks of two to 40 individuals.

During the day, they forage along tree branches, and at night, they congregate in large communal nest cavities. They feed mainly on insects and nestling birds, as well as small lizards.

the great indian hornbill

They also tear up bark and spread it everywhere. These birds are capable of long travel distances and are good at observing their environment.

Research on the social nature of the Great Indian Hornbill is ongoing. The species has been studied by Poulsen, H., and Czekala, N., and has been studied in several bird parks and zoos in India.

Other researchers have examined hornbill breeding behavior and distribution in the southern Ghats. Researchers have also studied hornbill foraging habits in Arunachal Pradesh.

Great hornbills live in forests and are highly arboreal, preferring tall, old-growth forests to nest. They prefer trees that have a natural cavity big enough to accommodate the female and her chicks.

the great indian hornbill

Large stretches of forest are necessary for the Great Hornbill to survive. Its distribution includes India, the Malay Peninsula, and Southeast Asia. They are also found on the island of Sumatra.


The Great Indian Hornbill is an endangered member of the hornbill family, native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

the great indian hornbill

Due to their fragmented distribution and declining population, the Great Indian Hornbill was recently listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as vulnerable.

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Its lack of habitat and reliance on large trees pose threats to its survival. In order to maintain its population, a bird must have large tracts of forest, free of human disturbance.

The Great Indian Hornbill is considered to be one of the most impressive members of the hornbill family. Its geographical range is extensive, including parts of the Himalayas, Indochina, and Malaysia, as well as southern India.

The male species is larger than its nominate counterpart. The birds’ eye color is red, while the females have a white iris. It is the largest member of the hornbill family, with an average body size of 20 cm.

the great indian hornbill

Habitat destruction and hunting are the most common threats to the hornbill’s population.

These birds are highly vulnerable to human disturbance, and habitat destruction is a major cause of this bird’s decline.

The Great Hornbill’s plumage, feathers, and casque are highly valued by hunters. They are also valued for ornamental purposes in tribal cultures.

Its extinction is an ongoing problem in much of its range, but a few protected areas remain. The habitat of the Great Indian Hornbill is also in danger.

The Great Hornbill primarily eats fruits, including various kinds of figs, but they also eat insects, small mammals, and even birds.

the great indian hornbill

It also feeds on bird pellets, insects, and small mammals. It is also vulnerable to iron storage disease. Its diet is low in meat, and it does not drink water.

Hunting is another significant threat to the population of the Great Indian Hornbill. Poachers mistake great hornbills for the Helmeted hornbill.

Tribal people also hunt great hornbills for various parts such as beaks, which are used in charms, and the head, which is believed to be medicinal.

Young birds are also eaten as a delicacy. Sema Nagas consider the flesh unfit for consumption because it causes sores on their feet.






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