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All the Facts & Info You Need To Know About Von der Decken’s Hornbill

All the Facts & Info You Need To Know About Von der Decken’s Hornbill





To understand this bird, read the following information. This article will cover its diet, nesting habits, and relationship with dwarf mongoose.

Also, learn about its habitat. It lives in the tropical regions of Africa.

Listed below are some of the most common areas that it can be found. You can also learn more about this bird’s life history by reading its facts and informational article.


The diet of the Von der Decken’s Hornbill is primarily composed of fruit, seeds, and insects. The hornbills usually forage in pairs and drop their prey from the perch.

von der decken's hornbill

They can also be seen high up in trees. These birds live in pairs and may be spotted sunbathing, bathing, or playing together.

Their monotone calls are also known to help maintain the balance of the ecosystem by dispersing fruit seeds in their droppings.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill is found in Kenya and other parts of Africa. In addition to being found in tropical areas, this species can be found in tropical regions.

In addition to living in warm climates, the Von der Decken’s Hornbill can be found in several countries including Australia, the Philippines, and the United States. The IUCN lists this species as Least Concern.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill is a small hornbill that lives in the arid climates of East Africa. The species eats insects, fruits, seeds, and other small creatures.

This bird is often compared to a Pinkie, but it is a completely different species. The pinkie, meanwhile, feeds on fruit, seeds, and other small vertebrates.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill feeds on a variety of insects, fruits, and small rodents. These birds are omnivorous and spend the majority of their time on the ground outside of breeding season.

von der decken's hornbill

Insects, fruit, and mealworms are among its favorite foods, but they will also feed on small rodents and other animals. In addition, the Von der Decken’s Hornbill is an excellent indicator of where to find food.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill is a very common species in East Africa. Its range extends across eastern Africa, from central Tanzania to Kenya to southeastern Ethiopia.

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Its habitat is varied, with open bush, scrubby woodlands, and dry savannah. Nevertheless, it does not live in the rain forests, preferring arid steppe and savannah areas.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill is an important species for habitat preservation. Its range extends across the world and it is included in the European Studbook Programme.

Its mainly white plumage is complemented by black wings and tail. Its long, flat bill and black wingtips allow it to catch and eat mice and snails. During the incubation period, the female assists the male in feeding the chicks.

Nesting Habits

Von der Decken’s hornbills are monogamous birds that breed in pairs.

von der decken's hornbill

They use a tree cavity to build their nest, sealing the entrance with mud, droppings, and food. The male seals the entrance while the female sits inside to feed the chicks.

Once the chicks are large enough to fly, both parents feed the young. During droughts, females may leave the nest and wander the forest in search of food.

The Von der Decken’s Hornbill’s bright red and black bill is striking. It uses different kinds of calls, including toots and deep booms.

While they are active during the day, they also like to forage for berries and insects.

Their mutually beneficial relationship with dwarf mongooses means that they help to maintain insect populations by warning them of approaching predators.

In addition, Von der Decken’s hornbills disperse fruit seeds in their droppings. Males and females share a common breeding territory in Africa.

von der decken's hornbill

Males woo females to enter their nest cavity. Females muddle up the entrance with dirt and feces until a thin slit is formed. The male hornbill feeds the trapped female for two months.

The female breaks out two weeks before the young hatch. The young are fully flighted when they emerge from the nest.

The male von der Decken’s hornbills bring their females thirteen meals a day. Some males have been known to deliver more than 150 figs in one visit.

In addition to fruit, they often bring insects, giant scorpions, and geckos. But, beware of intrusions by humans.

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Scientists have reported that they have dropped branches on humans who attempt to study their nesting habits without blinds.

The male Von der Decken’s hornbills guard their nest with their life, which is why they are often observed hand-reared in Singapore.

von der decken's hornbill

During the breeding season, the male Von der Decken’s hornbill guards the nest and delivers food through a small hole.

The female Von der Decken’s hornbills can raise up to seven chicks, each with a different color and pattern.

After two or three months, the female hornbill breaks out of the nest and starts feeding the male until the chicks hatch. They usually hatch after 50 days.

Their long, pointed bills are designed for feeding. A hornbill’s large bill helps them reach food, and the bird’s short, broad, and rounded wings make them very efficient during short flights.

The female hornbill’s wingbeat is approximately one-half that of an adult owl. During the breeding season, the female will lay two or three white eggs.

von der decken's hornbill

During this period, she closes her mouth with clay to protect the eggs, which she incubates for 46 days. During the first week of the clutch, the female will moult her flight feathers and rectrices.

The young are dependent on both parents for food for one week. When they are adults, they will continue to feed the chicks for several years.

Relationship With Dwarf Mongoose

The relationship between the Von der Decken’s Hornbill and the dwarf mongoose is mutualistic, and they both play a crucial role in the life of these two animals.

von der decken's hornbill

During the day, the hornbill feeds on insects that the mongooses flush from the trees, and they also warn the mongooses of approaching predators.

Dwarf mongooses live in groups of twelve to twenty animals, with only a dominant pair breeding.

Despite the small size of their territories, they are hunted by numerous birds of prey, and their young spend much of their time scouting for prey.

This reduces the foraging budget of the animals. This species of hornbill is often attracted to wooded habitats.

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The Von der Decken’s hornbill is a recognizable bird with a horn-shaped bill. Its mostly white body, black wings, and tail distinguish it from other hornbills.

von der decken's hornbill

This bird lives in areas of eastern Africa, with large patches of arid steppe and scrubby woodlands. During droughts, it wanders.

The relationship between the Von der Decken’s Hornbill and the dwarf mongoose is complex and unpredictable. In the northern part of its range, the Von der Decken’s Hornbill is sometimes associated with dwarf mongooses.

This association is because they both hunt invertebrates, which the dwarf mongoose eats. When they lay their eggs, they find a hollow tree trunk, where they lay one to four eggs.

Chicks leave the nest after about 50 days. This hornbill is not threatened but must remain in its natural habitat. The Von der Decken’s hornbill’s habitat must be preserved for the species to flourish.

von der decken's hornbill

It is named after German explorer Baron Karl von Decken, who once visited the area and saw the first recorded instance of this bird in the wild.

However, it is important to note that the Von der Decken’s hornbill and dwarf mongoose share the same habitat.

When they nest, the female Von der Decken’s Hornbill seals in the hole with mud and feces. The male assists her with this process by providing food.

The female Von der Decken’s Hornbill seals in the nest during late April and May. The female lays up to four eggs, which hatch after about two months.

During this time, the chicks are fed. After three weeks, the chicks chisel out of the hole.





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