10 Long-Lived Dog Breeds

10 Long-Lived Dog Breeds

10 Long-Lived Dog Breeds 


When it comes to the companionship of our four-legged friends, many dog owners wish they could extend the time they have with their beloved pets.

One way to potentially achieve this is to consider adopting a breed known for its longevity.

Below, we’ll explore the 10 longest-lived dog breeds, what makes them special, and delve into their characteristics and potential health issues.


10 Long-Lived Dog Breeds


1. Chihuahua

Type: Toy

Temperament: Alert, lively, and confident

Potential Health Issues: Heart murmur, patellar luxation, and tracheal collapse

Special Features: Despite being one of the smallest dog breeds, Chihuahuas pack a punch in terms of lifespan, often living between 14 to 17 years. Their compact size contributes to their longevity, though it also makes them prone to specific health issues.


2. Dachshund

Type: Hound

Temperament: Clever, lively, and courageous

Potential Health Issues: Intervertebral disk disease, epilepsy, and diabetes

Special Features: Also known as “wiener dogs,” Dachshunds have a unique shape with a long body and short legs. This breed can live up to 12 to 16 years. While their peculiar body shape endears them to many, it also makes them susceptible to spine-related health issues.


3. Toy Poodle

Type: Toy

Temperament: Intelligent, active, and alert

Potential Health Issues: Progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, and epilepsy

Special Features: With a lifespan of 14 to 18 years, the Toy Poodle is known for its intelligence and trainability. Its small size aids its longevity, but it also has its share of health concerns that potential owners should be aware of.


4. Lhasa Apso

Type: Non-sporting

Temperament: Alert, independent, and obedient

Potential Health Issues: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, patellar luxation, and familial renal dysplasia

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Special Features: With roots in Tibetan monasteries, this ancient breed often lives between 12 to 15 years. They are sturdy and resilient, partly due to their origins in the challenging environments of Tibet.


5. Beagle

Type: Hound

Temperament: Friendly, curious, and merry

Potential Health Issues: Epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and hypothyroidism

Special Features: Beagles are known for their friendly demeanor, Beagles have a typical lifespan of 12 to 15 years. Their relatively small size and sturdy frame contribute to their longevity.


6. Australian Shepherd

Type: Herding

Temperament: Good-natured, intelligent, and active

Potential Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, cataracts, and epilepsy

Special Features: Surprisingly, given their medium to large size, Australian Shepherds can live up to 13 to 15 years. This breed is both energetic and versatile, often used in various dog sports.


7. Shih Tzu

Type: Toy

Temperament: Affectionate, lively, and outgoing

Potential Health Issues: Brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, and intervertebral disk disease

Special Features: Originating from China, these lapdogs can live between 10 to 16 years. They are both robust and friendly, making them popular among families and older adults alike.


8. Schipperke

Type: Non-sporting

Temperament: Curious, confident, and alert

Potential Health Issues: Progressive retinal atrophy, epilepsy, and hip dysplasia

Special Features: Hailing from Belgium, Schipperkes are known to live up to 13 to 15 years. Their small stature and adaptability to various living environments contribute to their impressive lifespan.


9. Pomeranian

Type: Toy

Temperament: Lively, bold, and inquisitive

Potential Health Issues: Patellar luxation, tracheal collapse, and hypoglycemia

Special Features: These fluffy balls of energy often enjoy a lifespan of 12 to 16 years. Their spirited personality, combined with their small size, makes them both enduring and endearing.

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10. Maltese

Type: Toy

Temperament: Gentle, playful, and charming

Potential Health Issues: Patellar luxation, progressive retinal atrophy, and hypoglycemia

Special Features: With a history that spans over two millennia, Maltese dogs are both ancient and resilient. They usually live between 12 to 15 years and are known for their lustrous white coat and affectionate nature.


Factors That Determine a Dog’s Lifespan

When looking at the longevity of dogs, several factors contribute to their lifespan. While breed is undoubtedly one of them, many other factors play an essential role in determining how long a canine companion might live. 


The breed of a dog can significantly influence its lifespan. As seen above, some breeds naturally live longer than others due to their genetic makeup.


Generally, smaller dog breeds tend to live longer than larger breeds. Large breeds age faster and tend to experience age-related illnesses earlier in their lives.

Diet and Nutrition

Just like humans, a well-balanced diet plays a pivotal role in a dog’s overall health and longevity. Dogs that are fed a balanced diet tailored to their specific needs and life stage will often be healthier and live longer.


Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight, which can reduce the risk of many health issues. Active dogs are generally healthier and can have an increased life expectancy.


Neutered or spayed dogs often live longer. These procedures can prevent various diseases, including certain cancers.


When considering a canine companion, longevity is just one of the many factors to take into account.

While these breeds are among the longest-lived, each has its unique qualities and potential health concerns. As always, proper care, regular check-ups, and a healthy diet play essential roles in ensuring that any dog lives a long, happy, and healthy life.

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Questions people Also Ask: (FAQs)



What are some examples of long-lived dog breeds?

Long-lived dog breeds include the Chihuahua, Shih Tzu, Yorkshire Terrier, Bichon Frise, and Shiba Inu, among others. These breeds often have longer lifespans compared to others.


What is the average lifespan of a Chihuahua, one of the longest-lived breeds?

Chihuahuas are known for their longevity, with many of them surviving past 15 years. Occasionally, an individual Chihuahua can live as long as 18 years.


Are small dog breeds more likely to live longer than larger breeds?

Generally, smaller dog breeds tend to have longer lifespans compared to larger breeds. This is a common trend, but individual factors such as genetics and healthcare also play a significant role.


What are some other factors besides breed that influence a dog’s lifespan?

Factors influencing a dog’s lifespan include genetics, diet, exercise, regular veterinary care, and living conditions. Providing a dog with a healthy lifestyle can contribute to a longer life regardless of breed.


Is there a breed known for exceptionally long lifespans compared to others?

While there isn’t a single breed universally known for the longest lifespan, some breeds often live exceptionally long lives. Examples include the Maltese, Beagle, Australian Shepherd, Shih Tzu, and Lhasa Apso.

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