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The 15 Best Pointer Dog Breeds (Bird Dogs) – Guide For Dog Owners



german wirehaired pointer

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The 15 Best Pointer Dog Breeds (Bird Dogs) – Guide For Dog Owners


There are numerous pointer dog breeds available, as well as numerous other hunting dog breeds that can also function as pointers. These breeds are favored by all kinds of owners due to their high intelligence and quick learning curve.

The majority of these dog breeds are equally likely to feel at home in a quiet family home as they are out in the woods on a hunt, even though hunting with these dogs is still a thing.

Some of them would actually make good apartment-based canine companions. But what precisely do these breeds of pointer dogs do?

And what sets them apart from other dogs? Our investigation of these unique “gun dogs” led us to the top hunting canines that “point for a living.”

What’s the “Point” of Pointer Dogs?

There have been pointing dogs, also known as bird dogs, for almost 400 years. They have been a preferred breed for hunters all over the world for the majority of that time.

However, pointer dogs continue to exhibit their hunting instincts even in a typical family environment. So what are the purposes of pointer dogs?

In contrast to typical gun dogs like retrievers and flushing dogs, pointers would use their noses to “point” to their prey. Pointers helped the hunters by guiding them toward the game with their muzzles rather than actually fetching or flushing out prey.

So, I suppose you could refer to them as bird hunters’ guides or assistants. In spite of the fact that they are not true hunting dogs, they are very helpful in the field.

Pointer Dog Breeds

We’ve compiled a list of some of the more popular breeds to help clarify this group of breeds and to guide you in the right direction.

While some of the dogs on the list are solely pointer dogs, others are more adaptable and can perform a variety of jobs. Although they are renowned for their pointing roles, some of these dog breeds also serve as retrievers and gun dogs.

1). English Setter

Highlights: Sociable, Willfull, Even-tempered

The English setter has a reputation for being patient and methodical, but it occasionally shows a mischievous side.

english setter

However, depending on whether or not they are descended from a working or field breeding line, this may differ. Although English Setters have a lot of energy, they also know when to dial it back to a more pleasant level.

They will run and play for hours on end if they are outside. But when it’s time to go back inside, they usually settle down and adjust to their surroundings.

They might be flying around the yard with their tongues hanging out one moment, and then they might be dozing off on the couch or on your lap the next.

They frequently develop spots or markings in their coat as they mature, just like many other pointer dogs. However, they are less likely to exhibit such colorations when they are young.

So, it’s a hard call trying to guess what coat and patterns a puppy will display once it has matured. For all English Setters, the texture of the coat should be silky and will be short to medium in length with occasional feathering where the hair grows longer.

The base color is generally white, but as they mature, flecks and specks of browns, blacks, and tans will likely make an appearance. Therefore, predicting the coat and pattern that a puppy will exhibit as it grows up is difficult.

All English Setters should have silky coats that range in length from short to medium and occasionally feather where the hair grows longer.

2). Irish Setter

Highlights: Loving, Playful, Easy-going

The Irish Setter is ranked second among the setters from the British Isles. The Irish Setter, perhaps the gentlest of the setter breeds, is not a good watchdog.

irish setter

They are cautious, but simply too affectionate to turn away outsiders. They are more likely to approach you for a good head rub rather than barking and defending their territory.

But this breed will pay attention when called upon to serve as pointer dogs. They have a temperament that is both docile and always up for a challenge thanks to years of breeding.

In fact, they will require a lot of mental stimulation to keep them occupied if they are to remain happy. Although they may have historically been used as hunting partners, they are now favored for work as therapy dogs.

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They are ideal for creating a warm, peaceful environment for both adults and children due to their calm and loving disposition. Additionally, since they depend on human company to survive, the enjoyment is reciprocal.

3). Gordon Setter

Highlights: Fearless, Capable, Boisterous

The Gordon Setter, the largest of the setter breeds, is less well-known than its Irish and English cousins.

gordon setter

But this dog more than holds its own against other pointing dogs in terms of intelligence and energy. If you decide to keep one of these dogs as a pet, be ready to commit to a rigorous exercise schedule because they have some serious legs.

They will require 60 to 80 minutes of exercise per day. And not just a sluggish fetch game. We’re discussing brisk running and dashing. However, prospective owners need to remember that puppies aren’t quite ready for such strenuous activity.

However, Gordon Setters should only engage in gentle exercise up until the age of 18 months. Furthermore, until they are more developed, agility training should be avoided.

These dogs have a tendency to mature rather slowly, which is one characteristic that makes them endearing. And even after they do, they frequently maintain a youthful, puppy-like attitude well into old age.

They thrive in warm, nurturing settings where they can receive a lot of attention because of their enduring innocence. If they do, they will repay the favor with unwavering devotion and love.

4). English Pointer

Highlights: Clean, Loyal, Even-Tempered

The English Pointer, sometimes known simply as “Pointer,” stands out from the other setters with its short, dense coat.

english pointer

Despite the fact that this breed can grow quite large, their sociable nature makes them suitable indoor dogs. That is, assuming they exercise regularly and regularly enough.

If not, they might get bored, which might result in behavioral issues (destructive behavior). They would benefit greatly from having an open yard and frequent visits to the dog park.

Basically, they’re going to be happy as long as they have a chance to extend their long legs and gallop around. However, they are generally very calm dogs who rarely show signs of aggression.

They can coexist peacefully in homes with other dogs or even cats as a result. They still have a pack mentality, so they like to be around people.

In light of this, don’t be shocked if they follow you into any room of the house and cuddle up next to you. They feel most secure when they are with other members of their “pack,” particularly the pack leader, who is ideally their owner.

5). Vizsla (Hungarian Pointer)

Highlights: Versatile, Elegant, Affectionate

Except for their droopy ears, a Vizsla’s body is lean and trained. The amber, almost rusty golden color of these hunting dogs’ coats sets them apart from other pointer breeds.

vizsla (hungarian pointer)

While other pointer breeds may have spots or speckling, Vizslas are more frequently a solid color throughout. They will probably appear to be a golden streak zipping across a field due to their speed.

When it comes to running, Vizslas have exceptional endurance and can maintain a trotting pace for extended periods of time. Vizslas are suitable companions for families who enjoy going on bike rides and runs because they are willing to keep up with you at a graceful trot.

Finally, these dogs are intelligent. Although they may appear placid, they actually have a great deal of intelligence hidden behind those eyes. So make sure they engage in plenty of mental activity and don’t waste their intelligence.

6). German Short-haired Pointer

Highlights: Enthusiastic, Vigorous, Noble

The German Short-haired Pointer is regarded as a superb pointer dog, but they are also incredibly adaptable and capable of doing a wide variety of other jobs.

german short-haired pointer

The GSP is designed for long days spent working closely with their owners and is strong, swift, and agile. However, they will be up for almost any other physical activity even if you are not into hunting.

They will enjoy the outdoors if you live close to lakes, parks, or woods. They do best with positive training and a nurturing environment because they are extremely sensitive to their owners.

But if they are given enough care and attention, they can develop into a wonderful friend who is both kind and wise.

You can create a truly unique breed by fusing this winning temperament with a coat and appearance that are frequently referred to as “aristocratic.” They can appear dignified due to their liver-colored coats (both patterned and unpatterned) and dark eyes.

7). Brittany

Highlights: Compact, Sweet-natured, Athletic

The Brittany dog has a brief history; it originated in northwest France between the 17th and 19th centuries. This breed has occasionally been called a spaniel.

brittany dog

It makes this list because, based on how it functions, it actually functions more like a pointer or setter. Brittany dogs are equally adept at other tasks like retrieving even though they are on this list of breeds for pointing.

They have a variety of facial expressions but generally, appear alert thanks to their floppy ears and bright eyes. But underneath it all, they are very sensitive dogs who learn best when only receiving positive reinforcement and no punishment.

Brittanies, unlike some other pointing dogs, can develop shyness, especially if they aren’t socialized from an early age.

However, with the right socialization, they exhibit all the customary qualities of loyalty and affection. Don’t forget that hunting dogs, like all dogs, require a ton of exercise.

8). Italian Spinone

Highlights: Mild-mannered, Sturdy, Independent

The Italian Spinone is well-suited to hunts that involve running through thick grass or even cold water because of its thick, wiry coat.

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italian spinone

Even though they lack the speed and agility of other pointer dogs, Italian Spinone’s are still well-liked because of their reliable pointing and retrieving skills.

Additionally, they look a little different from other gun dogs. They put in a lot of effort and work well alongside humans in a variety of situations where other breeds might find it difficult.

The Italian Spinone is quite polite despite having a rugged appearance. They enjoy working closely with their owners on a variety of tasks and have a strong bond with them.

In addition to their strength, they have a high level of intelligence and are quick learners. However, they occasionally exhibit strong-willed stubbornness.

If you raise them carefully and patiently, they’ll probably turn out well and make dependable friends for you.

9). Small Munsterlander

Highlights: Self-confident, Trainable, Capable

The Small Munsterlander is distinctive in a few ways. The first is, of course, its size. The Small Munsterlander, despite its name, can still grow to a height of about 21 inches.

small munsterlander

They are therefore medium-sized dogs in reality. They have a strong desire for water, which is their second special quality. In other words, their preferred hunting methods involve the water!

Additionally, even though they have excellent pointing instincts, they also possess a strong ability to track a variety of prey after the shot. The Small Munsterlander seems steady and calm despite their high level of activity.

Their intelligence and trainability play a role in this to some extent. Through straightforward but regular training regimens, their innate tendencies can be improved even further.

They are highly adaptable and steady in a variety of situations or tasks thanks to their strong nerves. They get along well with both children and adults because of their friendly disposition.

However, unless they have been properly socialized, their strong predatory instincts may cause them to chase smaller animals. If you’re bringing them into a house with cats, it’s a requirement.

10). Irish Red And White Setter

Highlights: Devoted, Active, Loving

The Irish Red and White is almost identical to the other setter breeds from the British Isles, particularly the Irish Setter, in both use and temperament.

irish red and white setter

However, compared to its other setter cousins, it is occasionally seen as a working gun dog. After nearly going extinct toward the end of the 1800s, this breed has only recently experienced a surge in popularity.

Despite this rise in popularity, the breed’s reputation has weakly persisted. In spite of everything, the Irish Red and White Setter is a noble and clever breed. Their pearly base coat of fur, which is speckled with red (ideally deep red) splotches, gives them their name.

Additionally, unlike some other pointer breeds, the Irish Red and White needs more care to maintain a healthy coat, with brushing being a requirement at least once per week.

11). Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Highlights: Hard-working, Steadfast, Eager

The Wire-haired Pointing Griffon strives for a more rough appearance than other pointing breeds, which often have coats that are either short and thick or long and silky in texture.

wirehaired pointing griffon

Even though their coat is extremely harsh and wiry, they are low-shedding dogs, which is a major benefit. Consequently, in spite of their rough appearance, they do not leave a mess in their wake.

Because they have repeatedly demonstrated their superiority in the field, they are commonly referred to as the best gun dog. Compared to other working breeds, their drive and determination to perform their duties are nearly unparalleled.

They bring a straightforward and conscientious demeanor to their work, which has contributed to the fame that is rightfully theirs to enjoy.

They are also wonderful when used in the comfort of one’s own home. These dogs have a disposition congruent with their outgoing and friendly natures, enabling them to thrive in homes of varying sizes.

They may have a threatening appearance on the exterior, but on the inside, they are very affectionate dogs that are loyal companions.

12). Weimaraner

Highlights: Aloof, Elegant, Powerful

The Weimaraner, often known as the “Grey Ghost,” has already appeared on several of our lists. This affectionate nickname was given to this breed by its owners.


Their stately demeanor has made them a popular choice for royal households to employ as hunting companions throughout history.

They have been able to demonstrate their worth time and time again thanks to the wickedly keen intellect and remarkable stamina that they possess.

They can carry out various activities and assist with searches for several quarries, contributing to their continued popularity over the years.

In addition to their skills as hunters, they are renowned for their high energy levels and readiness to engage in long hours of play and exercise.

However, because of their intense need to hunt, they typically do not get along well with other less aggressive creatures. They have an innate drive to pursue and, more often than not, successfully capture prey comparable in size to a cat or smaller.

If you want to bring this aspect of them under control, you will need a significant amount of patience and effort to make any headway.

On the other hand, a Weimaraner can be an extremely intelligent and cultured friend if you don’t already have other animals as pets.

13). Pudelpointer

Highlights: Enthusiastic, Speedy, Good Instincts

When it comes to hunting dogs, the Pudelpointer is not even close to being the most popular breed, especially in the United States.


However, this perception is beginning to shift as more and more people become aware of the many desirable qualities that the Pudelpointer offers.

They have excellent instincts for pointing and retrieving, making them one of the more adaptable hunting breeds. In addition, they are one of the larger hunting breeds.

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The next thing about them is that they usually have an innate excitement for hunts in both land and sea environments. In addition to that, both their speed and their endurance are unparalleled.

Their sense of smell is exceptionally sharp. In addition to all of that, they possess a powerful urge to engage in instinctual hunting. They do it mostly because they enjoy the excitement of the chase.

Their friendly demeanor is another factor contributing to their meteoric rise in popularity. They are also simple to housebreak and make excellent companions outside and within the home.

We anticipate that this breed will continue to gain popularity over the years, provided their breeding practices do not change.

14). German Longhaired Pointer

Highlights: Versatile, Family-friendly, Docile

The German Longhaired Pointer is another bird dog that originated in Germany. Comparable to the English Setter in appearance, this breed is known for its hunting prowess.

german longhaired pointer

They are a breed of pointer dog with a coat and tail that are both long and dense. These dogs cannot get enough of playing in the water.

You may probably assume that they are generally excellent swimmers and frequently participate in waterfowl hunting (ducks, geese, and other aquatic birds).

The coat color of a German Longhaired Pointer (GLP) is comparable to that of a German Shorthaired Pointer (GSP).

The primary distinction lies in, you guessed it, length. Both breeds have a characteristic that makes them resistant to the effects of moisture: the undercoat.

Because of their thick coats, it may be difficult to discern, but these dogs are surprisingly athletic and muscular despite their appearance. Even yet, they have a graceful and elegant movement, both in the water and on land.

15). German Wirehaired Pointer

Highlights: Loving, Enthusiastic, Motivated

The German Wirehaired Pointer is a highly skilled and versatile bird dog that can be used for various purposes.

german wirehaired pointer

They are physically distinct from their more well-known relative, the German Shorthaired Pointer, even though they share many similarities with that breed.

The GWP is noticeably bulkier, taller, and more musculature, in addition to being more nimble. They were developed to push through dense undergrowth and difficult terrain continuously.

Not only are they able to do this, but it does not appear like they are exhausted. Because of the thick wires that make up their coats, they are shielded from the thorns of the shrubs and any weather that may befall them.

Some of the most reliable and helpful friends for hunters are the GWPs. In addition to that, their intelligence is through the roof.

The level of intuitive dog intelligence these dogs possess is over the roof. In other words, they were born with the ability to track birds and are quite good at it.

Questions People Also Ask: (FAQs)


Which Breed Of The Pointer Is The Best?


The Weimaraner is possibly the only breed surpassing the wirehaired griffon as the most adaptable pointer breed. Initially, these dogs were used for hunting boar, bear, and deer, among other larger prey. They have the instinct to pursue prey and must be trained from a young age if they are to be used for hunting.

What Breed Of Dog Is A Pointer?

Brittanys also referred to as spaniels, are pointing dogs. Around the 17th century, these dogs originated in the northern region of Brittany. These adaptable hunting dogs are medium-sized and compact. Due to their size, skills, and disposition, these dogs are in high demand.

Is A Pointer A Suitable Family Pet?

A pointer from a working line may be too energetic and high-strung to make a suitable home pet. Some are obstinate and possess a strong will.

However, many pointers are bred for competition, and dogs from these lines can make excellent family pets who are tolerant of youngsters, friendly with other animals, and quiet within the home.

Which Other Breed Resembles A Pointer?

The Irish Setter, German Shorthaired Pointer, German Wirehaired Pointer, German Longhaired Pointer, and the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon are further pointing breeds (also from Germany).

A Pudelpointer is a recognized breed in Germany, where it originated, and is a mixed breed between the poodle and an English Pointer.

Which Dog Is The Most Intelligent Hunter?

Which dog is the most intelligent hunter? Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers are commonly regarded as two of the world’s most intelligent hunting dogs. Other intelligent dog breeds include pointers, English Springer Spaniels, and bloodhounds.

Are Pointers Difficult To Train?

According to the AKC breed description, German Shorthaired Pointers (GSP) are full of activity, require a great deal of exercise, and “may be exceedingly tough from six months to three years old.” The good news is that they are also extremely trainable and quickly pick up early obedience cues.

Do Pointers Bark Frequently?

Pointers do not bark frequently. They exhibit a comparatively low propensity to bark when properly educated and exercised. However, they will bark when they are overly bored or warn their owners of danger or outsiders. A dog’s propensity to bark can influence whether you adopt it or not.

Can Pointers Be Left Alone?

The German Shorthaired Pointer has a limited tolerance for solitude; keep her indoors and avoid leaving her alone for extended periods. If your lifestyle does not permit this, the GSP is likely not the right dog for you.

Are Pointers Difficult Dogs?

Pointers are obstinate, easily distracted, and lively; thus, inexperienced dog owners may find it more challenging to educate their pointers. Pointers are easier to train as puppies and with a patient, consistent owner.

Can A Hunting Dog Live In The House?

No matter what game you hunt nowadays, you can discover a breed of dog that is ideal for the job. Due to their intelligence, sociability, and loyalty, traditional hunting breeds can also make wonderful household pets. However, they were not designed to be couch potatoes, so ensure that these dogs receive ample exercise!

Why Do Hunters Leave Their Dogs Outside?

An old myth asserts that a hunting dog must be an outside dog. The belief is that by staying indoors, a dog will grow mentally and physically weak, its sense of scent will be destroyed, and an indoor dog “simply won’t hunt” if exposed to the easy life and family. In the majority of cases, this is false.

Why Is A Dog Called A Pointer?

The name pointer derives from the dog’s inclination to point by pausing and directing its muzzle toward prey. This informs the hunter of their prey’s position and helps them approach within firing range. Selective breeding dogs developed pointers with a strong pointing and backing impulse.

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Exploring the Diverse World of Dog Breeds: A Look at the Seven Main Groups + the others




dog breeds

Exploring the Diverse World of Dog Breeds: A Look at the Seven Main Groups + the others


Dogs are one of the most diverse species on the planet, with hundreds of different breeds that vary widely in size, shape, temperament, and behavior. To help organize this diversity, dog breeds are often grouped into categories based on their original purpose or characteristics.

These groups, recognized by kennel clubs and breed organizations worldwide, provide a framework for understanding the different types of dogs and their typical traits. Here are the main groups of dogs:

  1. Sporting Group: These dogs were bred for hunting game birds, both on land and in the water. They are known for their stamina, intelligence, and willingness to please. Breeds in this group include the Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, and English Springer Spaniel.
  2. Hound Group: Hounds are known for their keen sense of smell and ability to track prey. They are often used for hunting and tracking game. Breeds in this group include the Beagle, Bloodhound, and Greyhound.
  3. Working Group: Dogs in this group were bred for specific tasks, such as guarding property, pulling sleds, or performing water rescues. They are known for their strength, intelligence, and trainability. Breeds in this group include the Siberian Husky, Boxer, and Great Dane.
  4. Terrier Group: Terriers were originally bred to hunt and kill vermin. They are known for their feisty and energetic nature. Breeds in this group include the Jack Russell Terrier, Bull Terrier, and Scottish Terrier.
  5. Toy Group: Toy breeds are small companion dogs that were bred for their portable size and charming personalities. They are often kept as lap dogs or companions. Breeds in this group include the Chihuahua, Pomeranian, and Shih Tzu.
  6. Non-Sporting Group: This group is a diverse collection of breeds that don’t fit into other categories. They vary widely in size, coat type, and temperament. Breeds in this group include the Bulldog, Poodle, and Dalmatian.
  7. Herding Group: These dogs were bred to control the movement of other animals, such as sheep or cattle. They are known for their intelligence, agility, and strong herding instincts. Breeds in this group include the Border Collie, Australian Shepherd, and German Shepherd Dog.
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Each group has its own unique characteristics and traits, but all dogs share a common bond with humans as loyal companions and working partners. Understanding these groups can help you choose a breed that fits your lifestyle and preferences.

 Sporting Group

  • American Water Spaniel
  • Boykin Spaniel
  • Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • Clumber Spaniel
  • Curly-Coated Retriever
  • English Setter
  • Flat-Coated Retriever
  • Gordon Setter
  • Irish Red and White Setter
  • Irish Setter
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
  • Pointer
  • Spinone Italiano
  • Sussex Spaniel
  • Vizsla
  • Weimaraner
  • Welsh Springer Spaniel
  • Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Hound Group

  • Afghan Hound
  • American English Coonhound
  • American Foxhound
  • Basenji
  • Black and Tan Coonhound
  • Borzoi
  • Cirneco dell’Etna
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen
  • Greyhound
  • Harrier
  • Ibizan Hound
  • Norwegian Elkhound
  • Otterhound
  • Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
  • Pharaoh Hound
  • Plott
  • Portuguese Podengo
  • Redbone Coonhound
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Saluki
  • Scottish Deerhound
  • Sloughi
  • Treeing Walker Coonhound
  • Whippet

Working Group

  • Akita
  • Alaskan Malamute
  • Anatolian Shepherd Dog
  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Black Russian Terrier
  • Boerboel
  • Boxer
  • Bullmastiff
  • Cane Corso
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Dogue de Bordeaux
  • Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
  • Great Pyrenees
  • Komondor
  • Kuvasz
  • Leonberger
  • Mastiff
  • Neapolitan Mastiff
  • Newfoundland
  • Rottweiler
  • Samoyed
  • Siberian Husky
  • St. Bernard
  • Tibetan Mastiff

Terrier Group

  • Airedale Terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Australian Terrier
  • Bedlington Terrier
  • Border Terrier
  • Bull Terrier
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Cesky Terrier
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  • Glen of Imaal Terrier
  • Irish Terrier
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Lakeland Terrier
  • Manchester Terrier
  • Miniature Bull Terrier
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Norfolk Terrier
  • Norwich Terrier
  • Parson Russell Terrier
  • Russell Terrier
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Sealyham Terrier
  • Skye Terrier
  • Smooth Fox Terrier
  • Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • Welsh Terrier
  • West Highland White Terrier
  • Wire Fox Terrier
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Toy Group

  • Affenpinscher
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Chihuahua
  • Chinese Crested
  • English Toy Spaniel
  • Havanese
  • Italian Greyhound
  • Japanese Chin
  • Maltese
  • Manchester Terrier (Toy)
  • Miniature Pinscher
  • Papillon
  • Pekingese
  • Pomeranian
  • Poodle (Toy)
  • Pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Silky Terrier
  • Toy Fox Terrier
  • Yorkshire Terrier

Non-Sporting Group

  • American Eskimo Dog
  • Bichon Frise
  • Boston Terrier
  • Bulldog
  • Chinese Shar-Pei
  • Chow Chow
  • Dalmatian
  • Finnish Spitz
  • French Bulldog
  • Keeshond
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Lowchen
  • Norwegian Lundehund
  • Poodle (Miniature)
  • Schipperke
  • Shiba Inu
  • Tibetan Spaniel
  • Tibetan Terrier
  • Xoloitzcuintli

Herding Group

  • Australian Cattle Dog
  • Australian Shepherd
  • Bearded Collie
  • Belgian Malinois
  • Belgian Sheepdog
  • Belgian Tervuren
  • Border Collie
  • Bouvier des Flandres
  • Briard
  • Canaan Dog
  • Cardigan Welsh Corgi
  • Collie (Rough)
  • Collie (Smooth)
  • German Shepherd Dog
  • Icelandic Sheepdog
  • Miniature American Shepherd
  • Norwegian Buhund
  • Old English Sheepdog
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi
  • Polish Lowland Sheepdog
  • Puli
  • Pyrenean Shepherd
  • Shetland Sheepdog
  • Spanish Water Dog
  • Swedish Vallhund

Miscellaneous Class

  • American Hairless Terrier
  • Barbet
  • Biewer Terrier
  • Boerboel
  • Coton de Tulear
  • Czechoslovakian Vlcak
  • Lagotto Romagnolo
  • Mudi
  • Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
  • Peruvian Inca Orchid
  • Portuguese Podengo
  • Rat Terrier
  • Russian Toy
  • Sloughi
  • Thai Ridgeback
  • Xoloitzcuintli

Rare Breeds

  • Azawakh
  • Bergamasco
  • Chinook
  • Cirneco dell’Etna
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen
  • Kooikerhondje
  • Lagotto Romagnolo
  • Lowchen
  • Norwegian Lundehund
  • Otterhound
  • Peruvian Inca Orchid
  • Schipperke
  • Sealyham Terrier
  • Skye Terrier
  • Sussex Spaniel
  • Swedish Vallhund
  • Tibetan Mastiff

Designer and Hybrid Breeds

  • Labradoodle (Labrador Retriever + Poodle)
  • Goldendoodle (Golden Retriever + Poodle)
  • Cockapoo (Cocker Spaniel + Poodle)
  • Pomsky (Pomeranian + Husky)
  • Maltipoo (Maltese + Poodle)
  • Cavapoo (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel + Poodle)
  • Yorkipoo (Yorkshire Terrier + Poodle)
  • Sheepadoodle (Old English Sheepdog + Poodle)
  • Bernedoodle (Bernese Mountain Dog + Poodle)
  • Aussiedoodle (Australian Shepherd + Poodle)
  • Shih-Poo (Shih Tzu + Poodle)
  • Boxerdoodle (Boxer + Poodle)
  • Schnoodle (Schnauzer + Poodle)
  • Chorkie (Chihuahua + Yorkshire Terrier)
  • Puggle (Pug + Beagle)
  • Cockapoo (Cocker Spaniel + Poodle)
  • Labradoodle (Labrador Retriever + Poodle)
  • Goldendoodle (Golden Retriever + Poodle)
  • Cockapoo (Cocker Spaniel + Poodle)
  • Pomsky (Pomeranian + Husky)
  • Maltipoo (Maltese + Poodle)
  • Cavapoo (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel + Poodle)
  • Yorkipoo (Yorkshire Terrier + Poodle)
  • Sheepadoodle (Old English Sheepdog + Poodle)
  • Bernedoodle (Bernese Mountain Dog + Poodle)
  • Aussiedoodle (Australian Shepherd + Poodle)
  • Shih-Poo (Shih Tzu + Poodle)
  • Boxerdoodle (Boxer + Poodle)
  • Schnoodle (Schnauzer + Poodle)
  • Chorkie (Chihuahua + Yorkshire Terrier)
  • Puggle (Pug + Beagle)

Rare and Uncommon Breeds

  • Bergamasco Shepherd
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog
  • Chinook
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Glen of Imaal Terrier
  • Kooikerhondje
  • Lagotto Romagnolo
  • Mudi
  • Otterhound
  • Peruvian Inca Orchid
  • Portuguese Podengo
  • Pyrenean Shepherd
  • Russian Toy
  • Saluki
  • Sloughi
  • Swedish Vallhund
  • Tibetan Mastiff
  • Toy Fox Terrier
  • Xoloitzcuintli
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In conclusion, the world of dogs is incredibly diverse, with hundreds of breeds that vary widely in size, shape, temperament, and behavior. To help categorize this diversity, dog breeds are grouped into categories based on their original purpose or characteristics.

These groups, such as the Sporting Group, Hound Group, Working Group, Terrier Group, Toy Group, Non-Sporting Group, and Herding Group, provide a framework for understanding the different types of dogs and their typical traits.

Each group has its own unique characteristics and traits, but all dogs share a common bond with humans as loyal companions and working partners. Whether you’re looking for a hunting companion, a family pet, a working dog, or a lap dog, there’s a breed out there for everyone.

Understanding these groups can help you choose a breed that fits your lifestyle and preferences, ensuring a happy and fulfilling relationship between you and your canine companion.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are some breeds in the Sporting Group, and what are their typical characteristics?

Some breeds in the Sporting Group include the Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, and English Springer Spaniel. These breeds are known for their high energy levels, intelligence, and friendly nature. They are often used for hunting and retrieving game.


Which breeds are typically found in the Hound Group, and what sets them apart from other groups?

The Hound Group includes breeds such as the Beagle, Bloodhound, and Greyhound. Hounds are known for their keen sense of smell and ability to track prey. They are often used for hunting and tracking game.

What are some examples of breeds in the Working Group, and what are their common characteristics?

Breeds in the Working Group include the Siberian Husky, Boxer, and Great Dane. These dogs were bred for specific tasks, such as guarding property or pulling sleds. They are known for their strength, intelligence, and trainability.

Can you name a few breeds from the Terrier Group, and what makes them unique?

Terriers, such as the Jack Russell Terrier, Bull Terrier, and Scottish Terrier, were originally bred to hunt and kill vermin. They are known for their feisty nature and high energy levels.

What are some breeds in the Toy Group, and what role do they typically play in households?

The Toy Group includes breeds like the Chihuahua, Pomeranian, and Shih Tzu. These breeds are small in size and are often kept as lap dogs or companions. They are known for their portable size and charming personalities.

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Comprehensive List of Essential Whelping Kit Items




comprehensive list of essential whelping kit items

Comprehensive List of Essential Whelping Kit Items


If you’re just making your start as a dog breeder, you’ve likely got a lot of things on your mind. Finding a suitable mate for your dog, getting them tested—there’s a lot of mental and physical effort that goes into breeding responsibly. One way to make things easier for yourself is assembling your whelping kit early. A whelping kit contains all the necessary items to assist a mother dog during labour and ensure the safe delivery of her puppies. 


For both experienced breeders and first-time pet owners, assembling a comprehensive whelping kit can make a significant difference in managing the birthing process. Having everything on-hand is a good idea, as you don’t want to suddenly be stuck without essential items in the midst of delivery. 


Comprehensive List of Essential Whelping Kit Items

  1. Whelping Box

The first and most crucial item is the whelping box. This is where the mother dog will give birth and care for her puppies during their first weeks of life. It should be spacious enough for the mother to move comfortably but with walls high enough to safely contain the newborn puppies.

  1. Clean Towels and Blankets

You’ll need several clean towels to help dry puppies immediately after birth, which stimulates them to breathe and keeps them warm. Soft blankets can be used to line the whelping box for additional comfort.

  1. Heating Pad or Heat Lamp

Maintaining a warm environment is essential, especially for newborn puppies who cannot regulate their body temperature. A heating pad or a heat lamp can provide the necessary warmth, but make sure it’s set up to avoid direct contact with the puppies and mother.

  1. Digital Thermometer

To monitor the mother’s temperature leading up to labour, which can indicate when birth is imminent. A drop in body temperature is a common sign of labour starting within 24 hours.

  1. Disposable Gloves

These are essential for hygiene. Wearing gloves during the delivery helps prevent the spread of infection and allows you to assist with the birth if necessary without introducing contaminants. You also don’t want to be touching anything else with dirty hands, so you may need to use multiple pairs of gloves if you have to operate your phone or move around any other items. Thankfully, a box of gloves is cheap and easy to come by. 

  1. Antiseptic Solution and Hand Sanitizer

Keeping your hands and the environment clean is crucial. An antiseptic solution can be used for cleaning any instruments or areas around the whelping box, while hand sanitizer should be used before and after assisting with the delivery.

  1. Sterile Scissors and Dental Floss

In some cases, you may need to cut the umbilical cords. Sterile scissors are necessary for this task, and unwaxed dental floss can be used to tie off the cords before cutting to prevent bleeding.

  1. Aspiration Bulb or Decongestant Syringe

To clear the puppies’ airways of mucus or fluids immediately after birth. It’s crucial for helping puppies who aren’t breathing well on their own initially.

  1. Iodine Solution

After cutting the umbilical cord, applying iodine to the end helps prevent infection in the newborn puppy.

  1. Puppy Feeding Kit

Includes bottles and appropriate puppy formula in case the mother is unable to nurse her puppies immediately or if there are rejected or weak puppies that need supplementary feeding.

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Preparation and Storage Instructions

Organising the Kit

Arrange your whelping kit in order of likely usage. Items needed first, like gloves and towels, should be at the top or in the most accessible part of your storage container.


Keep the whelping kit in a clean, dry place that’s easily accessible during the whelping process. A portable, waterproof container with compartments can be ideal for quick access and organisation. It’s best to keep the kit in the same room where your dog will be staying, just so you don’t have to go looking for your kit once the time comes. 


Check and restock your kit well before the expected birthing date. Make sure all consumables are within their expiration date and that reusable items are clean and functional.

Troubleshooting Tips for Common Whelping Challenges

During the birthing process, several issues might arise that require immediate attention. Here are some troubleshooting tips for the most common challenges:

Stuck Puppy

If a puppy seems stuck, first ensure the mother is comfortable and not stressed. Wearing your disposable gloves, you can gently assist by providing mild traction on the puppy with a clean towel. If the puppy does not come free with gentle assistance, call your veterinarian immediately.

Weak Contractions

If the mother dog’s contractions seem weak and she’s having trouble delivering the puppies, a warm, sugar-water solution can help boost her energy. If there’s no improvement, it’s critical to contact your veterinarian, as she may need medication to strengthen contractions or even a caesarean section.

Non-responsive Puppy

If a puppy is not breathing or is too weak to nurse, stay calm. Use the decongestant syringe to clear its airways gently. Rubbing the puppy briskly with a towel can also stimulate breathing. If these methods don’t work, performing a safe puppy CPR and rushing the puppy to a vet is your next step. 

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Extra Useful Items

While the essentials will cover most situations, having a few additional items on hand can be beneficial:

  • Nutritional Supplements for the Mother: Providing the mother with high-energy supplements or a high-calorie diet a few weeks before and after birth can help maintain her strength and improve milk production.
  • Puppy Scale: To monitor the puppies’ weight daily, ensuring they are gaining weight and developing healthily.
  • Record Keeping Materials: Keeping detailed records of each puppy’s birth time, weight at birth, and daily progress can be crucial, especially in large litters.


Preparing a comprehensive whelping kit and knowing how to use each item effectively can make the whelping easier not only on you, but also on your dog. The peace of mind that comes with knowing that you’re equipped with the right tools can be invaluable.

Remember, while a well-stocked whelping kit is crucial, nothing replaces the expertise of a qualified veterinarian during emergencies. Always have your vet’s number handy, and don’t hesitate to call if the situation becomes too difficult.

FAQs: Comprehensive List of Essential Whelping Kit Items


What is a whelping kit and why is it important?

A whelping kit is a collection of essential items needed to assist a dog during labor and the first few weeks of her puppies’ lives. It is crucial because it helps ensure the health and safety of both the mother and her puppies by providing the necessary tools and supplies to manage the birthing process and immediate postpartum care.

What are the most essential items to include in a whelping kit?

Key items to include in a whelping kit are:

  • Whelping box: A clean, safe space for the mother to give birth.
  • Clean towels: For drying the puppies and keeping the whelping area clean.
  • Disposable gloves: To maintain hygiene during the birthing process.
  • Scissors and umbilical clamps: For cutting and securing the umbilical cord.
  • Bulb syringe: To clear mucus from the puppies’ airways.
READ ALSO:  Arthritis in Dogs: What Are The Causes And Treatments For Arthritis in Dogs?


How can I prepare for potential emergencies during whelping?

To prepare for emergencies, you should have:

  • Contact information for a vet: In case of complications during birth.
  • Puppy milk replacer and bottles: If the mother is unable to nurse.
  • Heat source: Such as a heating pad or heat lamp to keep the puppies warm.
  • Antiseptic solution: For cleaning any wounds or the umbilical cord area.
  • Emergency medical supplies: Including a thermometer, stethoscope, and sterile gauze pads.

What items are necessary for post-whelping care?

For post-whelping care, you will need:

  • Puppy scales: To monitor the puppies’ weight gain.
  • Puppy ID collars: To identify and keep track of each puppy.
  • High-quality puppy food: For when they start weaning.
  • Cleaning supplies: Such as disinfectant and puppy pads to maintain a clean environment.
  • Record-keeping materials: To document each puppy’s health and progress.

How often should I check on the puppies and mother after birth?

After birth, it is important to check on the puppies and mother frequently:

  • First 24 hours: Monitor closely for signs of distress or complications.
  • First week: Check every few hours to ensure the puppies are nursing well and gaining weight.
  • After the first week: Regular checks multiple times a day to ensure continued health and proper development.
  • Ongoing: Maintain a routine of daily health checks and keep the whelping area clean and comfortable.

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Understanding and Addressing Separation Anxiety in Dogs




addressing separation anxiety in dogs

Understanding and Addressing Separation Anxiety in Dogs


What is Separation Anxiety?

Separation anxiety is a common behavioral issue in dogs characterized by distress or anxiety when they are separated from their owners or left alone. This condition can manifest in various ways, including excessive barking, destructive behavior, pacing, panting, or even attempts to escape.

Causes of Separation Anxiety

Several factors can contribute to the development of separation anxiety in dogs, including:

  • Past Trauma: Dogs that have experienced abandonment, neglect, or traumatic events in the past may be more prone to separation anxiety.
  • Change in Routine: Changes in the dog’s routine or environment, such as moving to a new home or the absence of a family member, can trigger separation anxiety.
  • Lack of Socialization: Dogs that have not been properly socialized or have not learned to cope with being alone may develop separation anxiety.
  • Overdependence on the Owner: Dogs that are overly dependent on their owners for companionship and reassurance may struggle to cope with being alone.

Signs of Separation Anxiety

Recognizing the signs of separation anxiety is crucial for early intervention. Common signs include:

  • Excessive barking or howling when left alone
  • Destructive behavior, such as chewing furniture or scratching doors
  • Pacing, restlessness, or excessive panting
  • Urination or defecation inside the house, even if the dog is house-trained
  • Attempts to escape or self-injury when confined
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Tips for Helping Dogs Cope with Separation Anxiety

  • Gradual Desensitization: Gradually acclimate your dog to being alone by leaving for short periods and gradually increasing the duration over time. Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats or toys, to create positive associations with alone time.
  • Provide Enrichment: Keep your dog mentally and physically stimulated by providing interactive toys, puzzle feeders, or engaging in regular exercise. This can help alleviate boredom and anxiety.
  • Create a Safe Space: Designate a comfortable and secure space for your dog to retreat to when you’re not home. This could be a crate, a cozy corner with their bed, or a room with their favorite toys.
  • Establish a Routine: Stick to a consistent daily routine to provide structure and predictability for your dog. This can help reduce anxiety and create a sense of security.
  • Seek Professional Help: If your dog’s separation anxiety persists despite your efforts, consider seeking guidance from a veterinarian or a certified animal behaviorist. They can provide personalized advice and assistance tailored to your dog’s specific needs.


Separation anxiety can be a challenging issue for both dogs and their owners, but with patience, understanding, and proactive intervention, it is possible to help your dog overcome their anxiety and lead a happier, more balanced life.

By recognizing the signs of separation anxiety, implementing positive reinforcement techniques, and seeking professional guidance when needed, you can support your dog in coping with being alone and strengthen your bond in the process.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)


Can separation anxiety in dogs be cured?

While separation anxiety in dogs can be managed and improved with proper training and intervention, it may not be entirely cured in all cases. However, with patience, consistency, and appropriate support, many dogs can learn to cope better with being alone.

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How long does it take to train a dog with separation anxiety?

The time it takes to train a dog with separation anxiety can vary depending on the severity of the anxiety, the dog’s temperament, and the effectiveness of the training methods used. Some dogs may show improvement within a few weeks, while others may require months of consistent training and behavior modification.


Are there medications available to treat separation anxiety in dogs?

In some cases, veterinarians may prescribe medications, such as anti-anxiety medications or antidepressants, to help manage severe cases of separation anxiety in dogs. These medications are typically used in conjunction with behavior modification techniques and should only be prescribed under the guidance of a veterinarian.


Can hiring a pet sitter or dog walker help with separation anxiety?

Hiring a pet sitter or dog walker can be beneficial for dogs with separation anxiety as it provides them with companionship and breaks up their time alone. However, it’s essential to ensure that the pet sitter or dog walker is experienced in handling dogs with separation anxiety and follows any specific instructions or routines provided by the owner.


Can older dogs develop separation anxiety?

Yes, older dogs can develop separation anxiety, particularly if they experience changes in their environment or routine, such as the loss of a companion or a change in living arrangements. It’s essential to monitor older dogs for signs of anxiety and provide appropriate support and intervention when needed.

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