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All The Facts & Info You Need To Know About The Honey Badger

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the honey badger

All The Facts & Info You Need To Know About The Honey Badger

 

The Honey Badger is a fascinating creature. This adapted, fearless, intelligent, and fierce animal has a variety of attributes. Here are some facts about it.

The Honey Badger has a thick skin that protects it from stings from bees, porcupine quills, and dog bites. In addition, it seems to be resistant to snake venom.


Adaptable

The Adaptable Honey Badger is an amazing creature with an incredible ability to adapt to any environment. The badger’s large scent glands play an important role in territorial marking and defense.

the honey badger

While males have more territorial markings than females, the former are more likely to interact with each other and urinate in an area where they had previously foraged.

Because of their adaptability, the badger can be found in a variety of habitats, from sea level to over 1700 m. The badger is a very hardy creature, able to move easily through small spaces and can survive in harsh environments.

The Adaptable Honey Badger is an opportunistic omnivore with a diverse diet. They will feed on nearly any animal that moves, from fruit to small mammals.

Their diet changes with the seasons, depending on the availability and abundance of prey. Despite being an opportunistic predator, the badger will also take a meal from a larger animal if it is a good fit.


Fearless

The Fearless Honey Badger is a very strong, aggressive animal, and it has an uncanny ability to scare humans and other animals alike.

Its incredibly powerful jaws and sharp claws make it almost impenetrable, but luckily the skin on its neck is very loose, which gives it the opportunity to turn around and slay bigger enemies.

This animal has been known to take down lions and other large animals, so the next time you see a badger, remember to keep your distance.

The Fearless Honey Badger is a quadrupedal, terrestrial creature that has a black face and legs, as well as a white stripe down its body.

Its thick skin and powerful claws make it highly resistant to attacks from humans, but it can also easily wriggle free of predators’ grasps.

These features help it fight off attacks with great agility. The Guinness Book of World Records has recognized the Fearless Honey Badger as the most fearless creature in the world.

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This beautiful animal can reach up to 25 pounds in weight, although it is much larger in males. It stands 12 inches at its shoulder and can live for up to seven years in the wild.

Unlike many other animals, it will attack honey bee hives to obtain their food. The fearless Honey Badger accepts hundreds of stings but prefers the larvae. The fearless Honey Badger lives up to 26 years in captivity.


Intelligent

In the new film “The Intelligent Honey Badger,” Brian Jones describes a rescued honey badger named Stoffel who was a loner who looked like a lumpy rodent.

It turns out, however, that Stoffel was an extremely intelligent creature. The honey badger’s large brain is evidence of its intelligence.

In addition to its large brain, the animal has been shown to use tools to build bridges, open their cages, and increase their height.

While some scientists argue that honey badgers are highly intelligent animals, others disagree and maintain that chimpanzees are superior to humans when it comes to problem-solving.

One such case is that of the ‘Stoffel’ honey badger, who escaped the enclosure of its owner by piling up rocks and then walking out!

Clearly, this badger is a Houdini of the animal world! Even Brian was surprised by Stoffel’s ‘untrained’ behavior and has re-examined his previous opinion.

One theory says that honey badgers are extremely intelligent. While their intelligence is not directly linked to brain size, it is likely that their intelligence is due to the fact that they are able to open drawers and windows.

While the brain size of these animals is not comparable to their size, the fact that they are so intelligent is certainly an impressive feature of their nature. If you want to learn more about this amazing animal, read the article below.


Fierce

The name “Fierce Honey Badger” may give the impression that the animal is a wily warrior, but that is not entirely true. These powerful creatures are not afraid of human conflict, and their size and strength will give them an edge in battle.

These animals have strong jaws and claws, 1.5-inch claws, and the teeth to break even the toughest tortoise shell.

In addition to their agility, the badgers’ hunting skills are also impressive. Although they are not known for their vicious behavior, badgers are strong creatures by nature.

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Because they live in dangerous and threatening environments, they must be tough. They never back down, even in the most stressful situations.

Hence, they have been nicknamed the “World’s Most Fearless Animal”. They are so tough, in fact, that they have faced lions and hyenas. In order to protect their territory, badgers have resorted to killing other badgers and lions to protect their food sources.

The Fierce Honey Badger is a small, three-and-a-half-foot creature. They weigh about thirty pounds and look like a skunk on PCP.

However, the animals are fierce enough to keep out any animal of a similar size. There is no other animal in the world as tough as a Honey Badger. You must watch this video to appreciate its ferocity! This animal will surely give you a fright!


Carnivorous

A 5-million-year-old honey badger-like animal was recently discovered on the West Coast of South Africa.

This is a fascinating discovery because it shows that there were many carnivorous animals roaming the landscape five million years ago, including giant wolverines, otters, bears, and even giant hyaenids.

This smaller cousin to today’s honey badger has been around for centuries, and scientists are still trying to figure out how it got there. The scientific name of the honey badger is Melivora capensis. It is a carnivorous animal found throughout the world.

It is not dangerous to humans but is extremely tenacious. The Guinness Book of Records lists it as the world’s most fearless animal. This animal is capable of surviving in a variety of habitats and even has the ability to change its habitat to avoid predators.

The honey badger is a carnivorous animal found mostly in the Southern African region. It is nocturnal, has a great sense of smell, and lives in burrows and hollow trees.

Although they are largely carnivorous, they also occasionally eat plants and wild fruits. It gets its name from the fact that it can be found on honeycombs with the help of a bird called a honeyguide.


Resistant To Snake Venom


A badger’s immunity to snake venom is not surprising considering their omnivorous diet.

Honey badgers are omnivorous, consuming plants, berries, roots, and bulbs. Although they often prey on insects, birds, and rodents, the badgers will also target larger mammals.

The badger has evolved antivenom to prevent venomous snake bites. Because of their thick hide, they do not easily succumb to a snake’s venom.

In an evolutionary study, the University of Minnesota’s Danielle Drabeck looked at the genetic mutation responsible for honey badger resistance to snake venom.

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The researchers found that four different animals have a mutation that blocks the receptors for nicotinic acetylcholine. While scientists had assumed that pigs had thick skin and lots of fat, they found that this resistance was not necessary.

The fact that snakes can’t detect venom in pigs suggests that immunity is a result of predators and prey locked in an evolutionary arms race.

In other words, snakes are getting more powerful and more resistant, while immune animals are upgrading their defenses.

Researchers found that a-neurotoxin, the chemical substance that causes the pain of a snake bite, has evolved in four different species of mammals.

The resistance has been traced to two distinct biochemical mechanisms that result in a blockage of the toxin’s binding sites. It is primarily believed that the badger’s resistance to snake venom is due to mutations in the cells.


Solitary

The solitary honey badger is considered a protected species by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

However, despite their status as an endangered species, solitary honey badgers have been killed by beekeepers worldwide. The lack of international legislation concerning the badgers has contributed to the high number of deaths.

There are currently only two countries on the endangered species list that do not require a permit for trade in these animals. Honey badgers live a solitary life, interacting with other animals only when they seek to mate.

Although primarily nocturnal, honey badgers can also be active during the day, depending on the activity and threat level.

During the day, honey badgers curl themselves into a protective ball. However, despite their seemingly friendly nature, honey badgers can be aggressive and invasive in nature.

Although badgers are not harmful to humans, they can be destructive to bees and poultry. As a result, they are often considered pests by farmers. In some cases, they have even killed people. Their meat is edible and their fur is used in traditional medicine.

Sadly, the solitary badger may be on the verge of extinction, but the good news is that you can help protect it by protecting it in a nature reserve.


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Animals

Potential and Challenges of Applying Gene Editing Techniques

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potential and challenges of applying gene editing techniques

Potential and Challenges of Applying Gene Editing Techniques, such as CRISPR-Cas9, in Bovine Embryos Generated by IVF

Author:

CARLOS AUGUSTO DELMINDO FILHO

In vitro embryo production (IVP) has revolutionized cattle reproduction, allowing for the rapid multiplication of genetic material from high-value animals and opening up new possibilities for genetic improvement. Gene editing, with emphasis on the CRISPR-Cas9 technique, emerges as a powerful tool to enhance IVP, enabling precise manipulation of the genome and the introduction of desirable characteristics in animals. Gene editing techniques, such as CRISPR-Cas9, ZFNs, and TALENs, allow for precise modification of DNA at specific locations, representing an advance over homologous recombination techniques, which are inefficient and time-consuming.

However, the application of gene editing in bovine embryos generated by IVF still presents technical challenges, such as low efficiency and the occurrence of mosaicism, in addition to ethical and regulatory considerations that need to be addressed. This article discusses the potential and challenges of gene editing, focusing on the CRISPR-Cas9 technique, in bovine embryos produced by IVF, aiming to develop strategies to overcome barriers and ensure the safe and responsible application of this promising technology.

Potential of Gene Editing in Bovine Embryos

CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing allows for precise manipulation of the genome, opening up a range of possibilities for genetic improvement in cattle. The technique can be used for:

  • Correction of disease-causing genes: Recessive genetic diseases, such as Bovine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency (BLAD), can be corrected in embryos, eliminating the transmission of the disease to future generations.
  • Insertion of beneficial traits: The introduction of genes of interest, such as disease resistance or production traits, can accelerate the genetic improvement process, resulting in healthier and more productive animals.
  • Creation of models for research: Gene editing allows for the creation of animal models to study human diseases and develop new therapies.
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Challenges of Gene Editing in Bovine Embryos

Despite the potential, gene editing in bovine embryos still faces challenges:

  • Efficiency of editing: The success rate of gene editing in embryos is still relatively low, with the frequent occurrence of mosaicism (different genotypes in the same individual).
  • Editing specificity: The technique can generate unintentional mutations in other parts of the genome, with possible undesired effects.
  • Generation of viable animals: Gene editing can affect embryonic development and the viability of the generated animals.
  • Ethical and regulatory aspects: The application of gene editing in animals raises ethical questions about animal welfare and food safety, in addition to demanding a clear and consistent regulatory framework.

Strategies to Overcome Challenges

To overcome the challenges of gene editing in bovine embryos, several strategies are being explored:

  • Optimization of editing protocols: Optimization of gene editing protocols, such as the use of different CRISPR-Cas9 systems and choosing the ideal time for editing, can increase the efficiency and specificity of the technique.
  • Selection of edited embryos: The combination of gene editing with genomic selection of embryos (GSE) allows the identification and selection of embryos with the desired editing and high genetic merit, increasing the efficiency of the process.
  • Improvement of embryo transfer techniques: The development of more efficient embryo transfer techniques can increase the success rate in generating viable animals from edited embryos.
  • Ethical discussion and development of regulations: Ethical debate and the development of clear and consistent regulations are fundamental to ensure the responsible and safe application of gene editing in animals.
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Conclusion

CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing represents a powerful tool for the advancement of animal production and food security, as long as it is used responsibly and ethically. The combination of gene editing with other biotechnologies, such as genomic selection, can accelerate the development of solutions for livestock challenges, such as diseases, low productivity, and adaptation to climate change. However, it is crucial that the scientific community and society engage in a constant dialogue to ensure that the application of gene editing is safe, transparent, and benefits both producers and consumers.

Gene editing, especially with the CRISPR-Cas9 technique, has enormous potential to revolutionize in vitro embryo production (IVP) and genetic improvement of cattle, opening doors to a promising future in livestock. By enabling precise manipulation of the genome, this technology allows the correction of disease-causing genes, the insertion of beneficial traits, and the creation of models for research in cattle. Overcoming technical challenges, such as increasing the efficiency and specificity of editing, along with the combination with other biotechnologies, such as genomic selection of embryos, has the potential to accelerate genetic improvement and boost IVP, resulting in healthier, more productive, and better-adapted animals to market needs.

However, the application of gene editing in bovine embryos also raises important ethical and regulatory questions. It is essential that the scientific community, together with regulatory bodies and society, establish an open and transparent dialogue to discuss the possible impacts of this technology and ensure its responsible and safe application. Additionally, the development of a clear and consistent regulatory framework is essential to ensure food safety, animal welfare, and consumer confidence in products derived from gene editing.

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Author:

CARLOS AUGUSTO DELMINDO FILHO is a veterinarian with extensive experience in bovine reproduction, specializing in various reproductive biotechnologies such as OPU, AI, and embryo transfer. He has worked on dairy and beef cattle farms, focusing on optimizing results and researching new technologies. Currently, he serves as an OPU specialist, performing follicular evaluation and aspiration in donors. He holds a degree in veterinary medicine and has completed specialization courses in bovine reproduction, surgery, and technical responsibility. Additionally, he has volunteered in underserved communities and participated in academic leagues.


Referências

  • Mueller, M. L., & Van Eenennaam, A. L. (2022). Synergistic power of genomic selection, assisted reproductive technologies, and gene editing to drive genetic improvement of cattle. CABI Agriculture and Bioscience, 3(1), 13.
  • Bogliotti, Y. S., Wu, J., Vilarino, M., Okamura, D., Soto, D. A., Zhong, C., & Ross, P. J. (2018). Efficient derivation of stable primed pluripotent embryonic stem cells from bovine blastocysts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(9), 2090-2095.
  • Hennig, S. L., Owen, J. R., Lin, J. C., Young, A. E., Ross, P. J., Van Eenennaam, A. L., & Murray, J. D. (2020). Evaluation of mutation rates, mosaicism and off-target mutations when injecting Cas9 mRNA or protein for genome editing of bovine embryos. Scientific reports, 10(1), 22309.

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Animals

The Majestic Komodo Dragon: A Fascinating Creature of the Animal Kingdom

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green and brown lizard on brown soil

Introduction

Welcome to our blog post dedicated to the awe-inspiring Komodo Dragon! In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of these magnificent creatures, exploring their unique characteristics, habitat, behavior, and conservation efforts. Join us on this thrilling journey as we uncover the secrets of the world’s largest lizard.

The Komodo Dragon: A Marvel of Evolution

The Komodo Dragon, scientifically known as Varanus komodoensis, is a species of reptile endemic to the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. These majestic creatures have captured the imagination of people around the world with their immense size, powerful build, and intriguing features.

With an average length of 8 to 10 feet and weighing up to 200 pounds, the Komodo Dragon holds the title for being the largest lizard on Earth. Their muscular bodies, sharp claws, and serrated teeth make them formidable predators in their natural habitat.

Habitat and Distribution

Komodo Dragons primarily inhabit the dry savannahs and forests of their native islands. Their distribution is limited to a few specific regions, making them a unique and iconic species in the animal kingdom. These reptiles have adapted to a range of environments, from coastal areas to mountainous regions.

Due to their restricted range, Komodo Dragons are considered vulnerable to extinction. Efforts are being made to protect their natural habitats and ensure their long-term survival.

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Behavior and Diet

Komodo Dragons are solitary creatures, typically preferring to live alone. They are known for their patience and stealth when hunting, often ambushing unsuspecting prey. These reptiles have a diverse diet that includes deer, wild boar, water buffalo, and smaller reptiles. Their saliva contains a potent mix of bacteria, which aids in the digestion of their prey.

Interestingly, Komodo Dragons have a unique hunting strategy. After capturing their prey, they patiently wait for it to succumb to the bacteria in their saliva, making it easier to consume. This remarkable adaptation showcases the intricate balance of nature.

Conservation Efforts

Due to their limited distribution and vulnerable status, Komodo Dragons are protected by law in Indonesia. National parks, such as Komodo National Park, have been established to safeguard their habitats and promote conservation efforts.

Conservation organizations and local communities are working together to raise awareness about the importance of preserving these magnificent creatures. Education and research initiatives play a crucial role in understanding their behavior, population dynamics, and habitat requirements.

Conclusion

The Komodo Dragon is undoubtedly a marvel of the animal kingdom. Its impressive size, unique hunting techniques, and restricted habitat make it a captivating species to study and admire. As we continue to learn more about these incredible creatures, it is vital that we prioritize their conservation to ensure their survival for generations to come.


Frequently Asked Questions

 

1. How dangerous are Komodo Dragons?

Komodo Dragons can be dangerous if provoked or threatened. Their powerful bite and bacteria-laden saliva can cause severe infections in their prey. However, they generally avoid human contact and prefer to retreat rather than engage in aggressive behavior.

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2. Can Komodo Dragons swim?

Yes, Komodo Dragons are capable swimmers. They can traverse bodies of water, including open sea channels, to reach other islands in search of food or new territories.

 

3. Are Komodo Dragons endangered?

Komodo Dragons are currently classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their limited distribution and habitat loss pose significant threats to their population. Conservation efforts are crucial to ensure their long-term survival.

 

4. How long do Komodo Dragons live?

Komodo Dragons have an average lifespan of 30 to 50 years in the wild. In captivity, they can live even longer, with some individuals reaching up to 60 years of age.

 

5. Can Komodo Dragons fly?

No, Komodo Dragons cannot fly. They are terrestrial reptiles with powerful legs and claws, adapted for a life on land.

Thank you for joining us on this exploration of the magnificent Komodo Dragon. We hope you found this article informative and inspiring. If you have any more questions or would like to share your thoughts, feel free to reach out to us. Until next time, keep exploring the wonders of the animal kingdom!

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Animals

The Fascinating World of Komodo Iguanas: A Comprehensive Guide

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a large lizard laying on top of a dirt field

Introduction

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Komodo Iguanas, one of the most fascinating reptiles on the planet. In this article, we will delve into the world of these incredible creatures, exploring their habitat, characteristics, behavior, and much more. Whether you are a reptile enthusiast or simply curious about these magnificent creatures, this guide will provide you with all the information you need.

1. The Origins of Komodo Iguanas

Komodo Iguanas, scientifically known as Varanus komodoensis, are native to the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. These islands form the Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The iguanas have adapted to the unique environment of these islands, making them truly remarkable creatures.

1.1 Habitat

Komodo Iguanas inhabit a range of habitats within the Komodo National Park, including dry savannahs, tropical forests, and coastal areas. Their ability to thrive in diverse environments is a testament to their resilience and adaptability.

1.2 Physical Characteristics

These impressive reptiles can grow up to 10 feet in length and weigh over 150 pounds, making them the largest lizards in the world. They have strong limbs, sharp claws, and a muscular tail, which they use for defense and balance. Their scaly skin provides protection from the harsh elements of their environment.

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2. Behavior and Diet

Komodo Iguanas are primarily solitary creatures, although they may congregate in areas with abundant food sources. They are excellent climbers and swimmers, allowing them to explore their surroundings with ease. Their diet consists mainly of small mammals, birds, and carrion, and they have been known to exhibit opportunistic feeding behavior.

2.1 Hunting Techniques

When hunting, Komodo Iguanas rely on their keen sense of smell and excellent eyesight. They patiently wait for their prey, then ambush it with a swift and powerful bite. Their saliva contains a mix of bacteria that can cause a lethal infection in their prey, ensuring a successful hunt.

2.2 Reproduction

During the breeding season, male Komodo Iguanas engage in fierce battles to establish dominance and win the right to mate with females. Females lay their eggs in burrows, where they are left to incubate for several months. Once hatched, the young iguanas must fend for themselves, facing numerous challenges in their early stages of life.

3. Conservation Efforts

Due to their limited habitat and the threats they face, Komodo Iguanas are classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Human activities, such as habitat destruction and illegal poaching, pose significant risks to their survival. Efforts are underway to protect their natural habitat and raise awareness about the importance of conservation.

Conclusion

Komodo Iguanas are truly remarkable creatures that captivate the imagination of reptile enthusiasts worldwide. Their unique habitat, impressive physical characteristics, and fascinating behavior make them a subject of great interest and study. By understanding and appreciating these incredible reptiles, we can contribute to their conservation and ensure their survival for generations to come.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are Komodo Iguanas dangerous?

Komodo Iguanas are not considered dangerous to humans unless provoked. They are generally shy and prefer to avoid human contact.

2. Can Komodo Iguanas be kept as pets?

Due to their size and specific habitat requirements, Komodo Iguanas are not suitable as pets. They require specialized care and a large, naturalistic enclosure.

3. How long do Komodo Iguanas live?

Komodo Iguanas have an average lifespan of 20 to 30 years in the wild. In captivity, with proper care, they can live even longer.

4. Are Komodo Iguanas endangered?

Komodo Iguanas are classified as vulnerable, meaning they are at risk of extinction in the wild. Conservation efforts are crucial to their survival.

5. What is the difference between a Komodo Iguana and a regular iguana?

Komodo Iguanas are a distinct species known for their large size and unique habitat. Regular iguanas refer to various species within the Iguanidae family, which can differ in size, habitat, and behavior.

By providing this comprehensive guide on Komodo Iguanas, we aim to promote awareness and appreciation for these incredible reptiles. Through conservation efforts and responsible stewardship of their natural habitat, we can ensure the continued existence of these magnificent creatures for future generations to admire.

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